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Table 1 List of Queensland medicinal plants and their uses [24, 25, 27, 32, 44,45,46]

From: Aboriginal medicinal plants of Queensland: ethnopharmacological uses, species diversity, and biodiscovery pathways

Botanical name Family Habit Part used Diseases treated
Abrus precatorius L. Fabaceae Climber Seeds Abortion
Acacia bivenosa DC. Fabaceae Shrub Bark, ash Headache, colds, and fever
Acacia holosericea A.Cunn. ex G.Don Fabaceae Shrub Root Headache, colds, and fever
Acacia melanoxylon R.Br. Fabaceae Tree Bark Headache, colds, and fever
Acalypha wilkesiana Müll.Arg. Euphorbiaceae Shrub Shoot Sores/skin lesions/wounds/cuts
Acmella grandiflora (Turcz.) R.K.Jansen Asteraceae Herb Root Toothache
Aegiceras corniculatum (L.) Blanco Primulaceae Tree Leaves, juice of leaves Earache
Ageratum conyzoides L. subsp. conyzoides Asteraceae Herb Whole plant Sores/skin lesions/wounds/cuts
Alphitonia excelsa (A.Cunn. ex Fenzl) Benth. Rhamnaceae Tree Bark, wood, young leaves, leaves, roots Headache, colds, fever, stomach upset, snake bite, body ache, muscle pain, eye sores, skin lesions, wounds, cuts, toothache, diarrhoea, tonic
Alphitonia petriei Braid & C.T.White Rhamnaceae Tree Bark Body pain
Alstonia constricta F.Muell Apocynaceae Tree Latex, bark Skin infection, fever, tonic
Alstonia scholaris (L.) R.Br Apocynaceae Tree Juice, sap, bark Neuralgia, toothache, fever, sores, skin lesions, wounds, and cuts
Alyxia spicata R.Br. Apocynaceae Shrub Root Headache, breathlessness, colds, and fever
Amyema quandang (Lindl.) Tiegh Loranthaceae Hemi-parasitic shrub Leaves Fever, headache, and colds
Antidesma bunius (L.) Spreng Phyllanthaceae Tree Fruit Colds, fever, and headache
Arivela viscosa (L.) Raf Cleomaceae Herb Whole plant, seeds, leaves Colds and fever
Asteromyrtus symphyocarpa (F.Muell.) Craven Myrtaceae Shrub Leaves Colds, fever, and headache
Barringtonia calyptrata (Miers) R.Br. ex F.M.Bailey Lecythidaceae Tree Leaves Fever and chest pain
Barringtonia racemosa (L.) Spreng. Lecythidaceae Tree Bark Tonic
Basilicum polystachyon (L.) Moench Lamiaceae Herb Whole plant Fever
Blainvillea acmella (L.) Philipson Asteraceae Herb Inner bark, fruit, root Muscle sprain, bone aches, dislocation, broken bones
Boerhavia diffusa L. Nyctaginaceae Herb Whole plant Asthma
Breynia cernua (Poir.) Müll.Arg Phyllanthaceae Shrub Leaves Eye soreness
Brucea javanica (L.) Merr Simaroubaceae Shrub Leaves, roots Pain
Buchanania obovata Engl Anacardiaceae Tree Inner bark, sapwood, leaves Eye sores and toothache
Calamus caryotoides A.Cunn. ex Mart Arecaceae Palm Shoot Headache
Callicarpa longifolia Lam Lamiaceae Tree Bark Body pain
Calophyllum inophyllum L. Clusiaceae Tree Kernel, fruit Body pain and purgative
Canarium australasicum (F.M.Bailey) Leenh Burseraceae Tree Bark Stomach ache and diarrhoea
Capparis lanceolaris DC Capparaceae Climber Bark Sores, skin lesions, wounds, and cuts
Capparis mitchellii Lindl Capparaceae Tree Bark Sores, skin lesions, wounds, and cuts
Carica papaya L. Caricaceae Tree Fruit Prickly heat
Cassytha filiformis L. Lauraceae Climber Macerated plant Tonic
Cassytha glabella R.Br Lauraceae Climber Whole plant, bark, leaves Colds, fever, body pain, headache, sores, skin lesions, wounds, and cuts
Casuarina equisetifolia L. Casuarinaceae Tree Inner bark Toothache
Centipeda thespidioides F.Muell Asteraceae Herb Whole plant Sprains
Cissus hypoglauca A.Gray Vitaceae Climber Fruit Headache, colds, and fever
Clematis glycinoides DC Ranunculaceae Climber Leaves Headache, colds, and fever
Clematis microphylla DC Ranunculaceae Climber Whole plant, seeds, leaves Headache, colds, and fever
Clerodendrum floribundum R.Br Lamiaceae Tree Wood Pain
Clerodendrum inerme (L.) Gaertn Lamiaceae Shrub Leaves, roots Sores, skin lesions, wounds, cuts, and sprains
Cocos nucifera L. Arecaceae Tree Oil, bark, coconut jelly Earache, swelling, sores, skin lesions, wounds, and cuts
Coelospermum decipiens Baill Rubiaceae Shrub Leaves, roots Pregnancy prevention
Convolvulus erubescens Sims Convolvulaceae Herb Whole plant Diarrhoea
Corymbia gummifera (Gaertn.) K.D.Hill & L.A.S.Johnson Myrtaceae Tree Leaves, gum Bleeding control, diarrhoea, ringworm, and sexually transmitted diseases
Corymbia polycarpa (F.Muell.) K.D.Hill & L.A.S.Johnson Myrtaceae Tree Kino Toothache and dysentery
Corymbia terminalis (F.Muell.) K.D.Hill & L.A.S.Johnson Myrtaceae Tree Bark Dysentery
Corymbia tessellaris (F.Muell.) K.D.Hill & L.A.S.Johnson Myrtaceae Tree Gum Constipation
Crinum pedunculatum R.Br Amaryllidaceae Herb Whole plant Stings (marine)
Crotalaria cunninghamii R.Br Fabaceae Shrub Leaves, sap, bark Pain
Croton arnhemicus Müll.Arg Euphorbiaceae Tree Root Sores, skin lesions, wounds, cuts, and stomach ache
Cyathea australis (R.Br.) Domin Cyatheaceae Tree fern Young leaves Stomach ache and tonic
Cymbidium canaliculatum R.Br Orchidaceae Orchid Bulb Dysentery
Cymbidium madidum Lindl Orchidaceae Orchid Bulb, seeds Dysentery, pregnancy prevention
Cymbonotus lawsonianus Gaudich Asteraceae Herb Leaves Sores, skin lesions, wounds, and cuts
Cymbopogon ambiguus (Hack.) A.Camus Poaceae Grass Leaves Colds
Cymbopogon bombycinus (R.Br.) Domin Poaceae Grass Whole plant Eye soreness
Cymbopogon obtectus S.T.Blake Poaceae Grass Whole plant Eye soreness
Cymbopogon sp. Poaceae Grass Root Earache
Cynanchum viminale subsp. australe (R.Br.) Meve & Liede Apocynaceae Succulent shrub Latex, tuber, sap Sores, skin lesions, wounds, cuts, warts, and gonorrhoea
Deplanchea tetraphylla (R.Br.) F.Muell Sapotaceae Tree Bark Colds and influenza
Derris sp. Fabaceae Climber Bark Sores, skin lesions, wounds, and cuts
Dioscorea transversa R.Br Dioscoreaceae Climber Tuber Skin cancer
Dodonaea polyandra Merr. & L.M.Perry Sapindaceae Tree Root Sores, skin lesions, wounds, cuts, and toothache
Erythrophleum chlorostachys (F.Muell.) Baill Fabaceae Tree Bark Sores, skin lesions, wounds, cuts, pain, and sprain
Eucalyptus haemastoma Sm Myrtaceae Tree Kino Diarrhoea, wounds, ulcers
Eucalyptus pruinosa Schauer Myrtaceae Tree Bark Rheumatism and body pain
Eucalyptus resinifera Sm Myrtaceae Tree Leaves, inner bark, gum Ringworm
Eucalyptus tetrodonta F.Muell Myrtaceae Tree Leaves Fever and headache
Euphorbia tirucalli L. Euphorbiaceae Succulent shrub Latex Skin cancer
Euphorbia mitchelliana Boiss Euphorbiaceae Shrub Flowers Diarrhoea
Excoecaria agallocha L. Euphorbiaceae Mangrove tree Latex Stings (marine)
Excoecaria parvifolia Müll.Arg Euphorbiaceae Tree Bark Body pain
Exocarpos aphyllus R.Br Santalaceae Succulent shrub Bark, roots Boils
Ficus fraseri G.Forst Moraceae Tree Milky juice of young roots Sores, skin lesions, wounds, and cuts
Ficus microcarpa L.f Moraceae Tree White sap Stings (fish)
Ficus opposita Miq Moraceae Tree Latex, leaves, gum Sores, skin lesions, wounds, cuts, and fungal infections including ringworm
Flagellaria indica L. Flagellariaceae Climber Fresh new growth tips Sores, skin lesions, wounds, cuts, and pox
Flueggea virosa (Willd.) Voigt Phyllanthaceae Shrub Root Toothache
Grevillea mcgillivrayi I.M.Turner Proteaceae Tree Leaves Sore throat
Grevillea striata R.Br Proteaceae Tree Charcoal, bark Sores, skin lesions, wounds, cuts, hives, and stings
Grewia retusifolia Kurz Malvaceae Shrub Inner bark of roots, roots, leaves, fruits Diarrhoea, dysentery, boils, swelling, toothache, stomach ache, sores, skin lesions, wounds, cuts, and cough
Haemodorum corymbosum Vahl Haemodoraceae Herb Root Constipation
Heliotropium ovalifolium Forssk Boraginaceae Herb Extract Body wash and fever
Hibiscus vitifolius L. Malvaceae Herb Tuber Boils
Ipomoea pes-caprae (L.) R.Br Convolvulaceae Climber Whole plant, leaves, stems Sexually transmitted diseases, boils, and swelling
Litsea glutinosa (Lour.) C.B.Rob Lauraceae Tree Leaves, bark Sores, skin infection, lesions, wounds, cuts, eye sores, body pain, scabies, gastritis, fever, headache, influenza, and paediatric uses
Macaranga tanarius (L.) Müll.Arg Rubiaceae Tree Red sap Sores, skin lesions, wounds, and cuts
Manihot esculenta Crantz Euphorbiaceae Shrub Root Diarrhoea and stomach ache
Melaleuca leucadendra (L.) L. Myrtaceae Tree Young leaves, bark Cough and cold, headache, tonic, sinusitis, sores, skin lesions, wounds, and cuts
Melaleuca quinquenervia (Cav.) S.T.Blake Myrtaceae Tree Young leaves Cold, headache, and tonic
Melaleuca viridiflora Sol. ex Gaertn Myrtaceae Tree Leaves Cough
Melicope vitiflora (F.Muell.) T.G.Hartley Rutaceae Tree Juice, resin, gum, bark Toothache, bodyache, and toothache
Mentha australis R.Br Lamiaceae Herb Whole plant Cough and cold
Morinda citrifolia L. Rubiaceae Tree Fruit Cough and cold, sore throat
Mucuna gigantea (Willd.) DC Fabaceae Climber Seed Colds, fever, headache
Musa banksia F.Muell Musaceae Tree Sap, juice Stings (stinging tree), paralysis and headache
Myristica globosa subsp. muelleri (Warb.) W.J.de Wilde Myristicaceae Tree Gum from bark Ringworm
Nauclea orientalis (L.) L. Rubiaceae Tree Bark Rheumatism, colds, stomach ache, and snake bite
Ocimum tenuiflorum L. Lamiaceae Herb Leaves, stems Influenza, labour pain, and stomach ache
Pandanus sp. Pandanaceae Palm-like Base of leaf Body pain, sore throat, sores, skin lesions, wounds, and cuts
Pandanus spiralis R.Br Pandanaceae Palm-like Sap, base of leaf Sores, skin lesions, wounds, and cuts
Persicaria subsessilis (R.Br.) K.L.Wilson Polygonaceae Herb Whole Sores, skin lesions, wounds, and cuts
Persoonia falcata R.Br Proteaceae Shrub Leaves, bark, wood Cough and cold, sore throat, and eye sores
Petalostigma pubescens Domin Picrodendraceae Shrub Fruit, root Toothache
Phyllanthus urinaria L Phyllanthaceae Herb Leaves Colds
Piper hederaceum (Miq.) C.DC Piperaceae Climber Whole plant Sore gums
Planchonella pohlmaniana (F.Muell.) Pierre ex Dubard Sapotaceae Tree Twigs and leaves Boils
Planchonia careya (F.Muell.) R.Knuth Lecythidaceae Tree Bark, leaves Tonic and body pain
Plectranthus congestus R.Br Lamiaceae Herb Leaves and branches Body pain and syphilis
Plectranthus parviflorus Willd Lamiaceae Herb Leaves Syphilis
Plumeria rubra L. Apocynaceae Tree Leaves Swelling
Pseudognaphalium luteoalbum (L.) Hilliard & B.L.Burtt Asteraceae Herb Whole plant Fever and tonic
Psidium guajava L. Myrtaceae Tree Fruit Constipation and stomach ache
Pterocaulon serrulatum (Montrouz.) Guillaumin Asteraceae Herb Leaves Chest congestion, fever, colds, headache, sores, skin lesions, wounds, and cuts
Ripogonum album R.Br Ripogonaceae Climber Bark, roots Stings (stingray)
Santalum lanceolatum R.Br Santalaceae Tree Scraped outer wood, inner moist bark, leaves Chest ailments, purgative, sexually transmitted diseases, arthritis, insect bites, sores, skin lesions, wounds, and cuts
Santalum obtusifolium R.Br Santalaceae Shrub Wood Constipation and pain
Scoparia dulcis L. Plantaginaceae Herb Whole plant Influenza, sores, stomach ache, skin lesions, wounds, and cuts
Senna alata (L.) Roxb Fabaceae Shrub Leaves Fungal infections specially ringworm, heat rash, scabies, and skin itches
Stemodia viscosa Roxb Plantaginaceae Herb Whole plant Body pain and tonic
Sterculia quadrifida R.Br Sterculiaceae Tree Leaves, branches, barks, roots Eye sores, skin lesions, wounds, cuts, and nausea
Striga curviflora (R.Br.) Benth Linderniaceae Herb Whole plant Sores, skin lesions, wounds, and cuts
Syzygium suborbiculare (Benth.) T.G.Hartley & L.M.Perry Myrtaceae Tree Bark, roots Body pain
Tabernaemontana orientalis R.Br Apocynaceae Shrub Rootbark, sap Fever, sores, skin lesions, wounds, and cuts
Tephrosia turpinii Pedley Fabaceae Herb Tuber Sores, skin lesions, wounds, and cuts
Tephrosia varians (F.M.Bailey) C.T.White Fabaceae Herb Root Sores, skin lesions, wounds, and cuts
Terminalia catappa L Combretaceae Tree Bark, young green fruit Sore throat and thrush
Terminalia muelleri Benth Combretaceae Tree Soft leaves Scabies, sores, skin lesions, wounds, and cuts
Tetrameles nudiflora R.Br Datiscaceae Tree Leaves Swelling, sores, skin lesions, wounds, and cuts
Timonius timon (Spreng.) Merr Rubiaceae Tree Inner bark Colds, fever, influenza
Tribulus cistoides L. Menispermaceae Climber Whole plant Toothache
Wrightia saligna (R.Br.) F.Muell. ex Benth Apocynaceae Tree Inner bark, milky sap, root Boils, sores, skin lesions, wounds, and cuts
Xenostegia tridentata (L.) D.F.Austin & Staples Convolvulaceae Climber Whole plant Sores, skin lesions, wounds, and cuts
Xylomelum scottianum (F.Muell.) F.Muell Proteaceae Tree Leaves, roots Body pain