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Table 2 Wild edible Ficus species used by each ethnic group and their names

From: An ethnobotanical study of the less known wild edible figs (genus Ficus) native to Xishuangbanna, Southwest China

SpeciesA Mandarin nameB Ethnic nameC Specimen number
Dai Hani Jinuo Yao
F. altissima Bl. Da qing shu (lofty tree) —— niza nihao paleng*, palu* —— S120315003
F. auriculata Lour. (F. roxburghii Wall.) Xiang er rong, Mu gua rong (elephant ear fig or papaya fig) pàk wā xibu(bu) ma sipu nuoge biu S140227022
F. callosa Willd. Ying pi rong (hard skin fig) pàk dédá —— paleng —— S130911018
F. hirta Vahl. Wu zhi mao tao, Cu ye rong (five – finger hairy fig or rough leaf fig) —— acalama axi Wamo dousou bulana biu S121003006
F. maclellandii King var. Rhododendrifolia Corner Du juan ye rong (azalea leaf fig) pàk yī —— —— —— S140415024
F. oligodon Miq. Ping guo rong (apple fig) pàk wā xibu qi sipu nuoge zam biu S140404023
F. racemosa L. (F. glomerata Roxb.) Ju guo rong, Ma lang guo (Cluster fig) pàk dē tang bule guole, mulu se* —— S140417026
F. semicordata B.-H. ex Sm. Ji su guo (chicken crop fig) mūnā xigugu ma sigeiyao mule lum biu S121028007
F. semicordata var. montana Amatya Ji su guo (Small fruit variety of chicken crop fig) mūnā xigu misi sigeiyaogeiyao mi mule zam biu S120313002
F. tikoua Bur. Di ban teng, Di shi liu (ground pomegranate) —— —— —— muduoniang S121029009
F. vasculosa Wall. ex Miq. Tu mai rong, Shan tian cai (sweet mountain greens) pàk dé gái —— —— —— S120518004
F. virens Ait. Lv huang ge shu, Suan bao shu (sour buds tree) pàk yī niza bao neme adao gelong den S131201021
F. virens Ait. var. sublanceolata (Miq.) Corner Huang ge shu, Suan bao shu (sour buds tree) pàk yī —— neme adao —— S130901016
  1. ABotanical names in brackets are frequently seen synonyms.
  2. BName in brackets is English equivalent of the Mandarin name.
  3. C“——” means that the species is not reported as edible by the ethnic group.
  4. *Quote according to Wang and Long [21].