Skip to main content

Table 3 Vegetation related set of Csángó habitat terms, their meanings and English equivalents (literal translations of names are given in parentheses)

From: Multidimensionality and scale in a landscape ethnoecological partitioning of a mountainous landscape (Gyimes, Eastern Carpathians, Romania)

Csángó habitat names Meanings and English equivalents
fenyőerdő, fenyves, fenyőfás 2 Coniferous forest, dominated by Picea abies and Abies alba, rarely mixed with Fagus sylvatica (spruce forest, with spruce, with spruce trees)
bükkerdő, bükkös / leveles erdő 2 Deciduous forest, dominated by Fagus sylvatica mostly mixed with Picea abies (beechy, beech forest / leafy forest).
lúcsos 2 Planted forest of Pinus sylvestris often with Juniperus communis (having Pinus sylvestris)
cseres (cserfás) / csigolyás / ficfás, füzes 2 Forest stands along streams, dominated by Alnus incana or bushy Salix spp. or Salix spp. trees (having alder / having bushy willow / having Salix)
nyírfás / rakottyás / nyárfás 2 Pioneer forest stands dominated by Betula pendula or Salix caprea or Populus tremula (having birch / having Salix caprea / having aspen)
jáhoros / kórusos / tiszás 2 Deciduous forest stands, in which Acer pseudoplatanus, Sorbus aucuparia or Taxus baccata are characteristic (having maple / having Sorbus / having Taxus)
gyüngyeményes / fügés / bojzás 2 Scrub habitat, dominated by Spiraea chamaedryfolia or Ribes uva-crispa or Sambucus racemosa, S. nigra (having Spiraea / having Ribes / having Sambucus)
sátés, sásos 2 Rich fens and swamps, dominated by Carex spp. (having sedges)
nádas 3 A marshy area, dominated by Typha angustifolia or T. shuttleworthii (having reed)
békalábas, surlós 2 Wetlands, dominated by Equisetum palustre (having Equisetum palustre)
podbállapis 3 / keptelános 2 A pioneer surface dominated by Tussilago farfara or an area with Petasites-dominated tall-herb vegetation along streams (having Tussilago / having Petasites)
kokojzás 2 / ménisorás 2 / takonykokojzás 2 Nardus grasslands that are characterized by Vaccinium myrtillus, Vaccinium vitis-idaea or Vaccinium gaultherioides (having blueberries / having cowberries / having bogberries)
szőrcsés 2 Grasslands, mainly pastures, dominated by Nardus stricta (having Nardus)
danciás 2 Grasslands, where Gentiana lutea grows (having Gentiana)
imolás 2 Grasslands, dominated by tall grasses mainly Trisetum flavescens (lit hay meadow with tall grasses)
zsanikás 2 Grasslands, mainly pastures, dominated by Alchemilla species (having Alchemilla)
ászpás 2 Mountain hay meadows and pastures with Veratrum album stands (having Veratrum)
borsikás 2 / hecsellis 2 Pioneer stands on pastures, dominated by Juniperus communis or Rosa canina agg. (having Juniperus / having Rosa)
csipkés 2 Degraded stands on pastures and fields, dominated by Cirsium and Carduus spp. (having thistles)
csihányos 2 / lósósdis 2 Degraded, nutrient rich stands dominated by Urtica dioica or Rumex alpinus (having nettles / having Rumex)
  1. Superscripts indicate scale: 1macrohabitat; 2mesohabitat; 3microhabitat.