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Table 6 Mixtures used in Sahrawi ethnoveterinary medicine along with their lists of components (including the parts of plants used), preparation and indications

From: Ethnoveterinary of Sahrawi pastoralists of Western Sahara: camel diseases and remedies

Plants/Other ingredients Preparation Administration route Indications
Ammodaucus leucotrichus (se) Plants are grinded and mixed with wheat flour, fried in oil and applied as a plaster with a cleaned cloth for 15 days, changing the plaster every day Topical Mastitis
Lavandula sp. (ap)
Wheat flour
Allium cepa (bu) Fried, dissolved in a saline solution, then obtaining a plaster Topical Mastitis
Allium sativum (bu)
Acacia senegal (ba) Grinded and applied as cicatrizer for 5 days Topical Wounds
Acacia tortilis (ba)
Maerua crassifolia (ba)
Euphorbia balsamifera (ap) Boiled in salt water, three washes per week Dipping Tick infestations
Pergularia tomentosa (ap)
Ammodaucus leucotrichus (se) Heated with oil Topical Skin ulcers
Chamomilla pubescens (ap) Wounds
Acacia tortilis (le) Pit cooked and then mixed with ash and water Topical Mange
Anabasis articulata (ap)
Rhus tripartita (le)
Bitumen   Topical Mange
Exhausted engine oil
Camel milk
Camel fat Mixed and rest for a week Topical Mange
Sulphur stone
Cistanche phelypaea (ap) Cistanche phelypaea is cut in pieces, mixed with the other grinded plants and then with bitumen Topical Mange
Hammada scoparia (ap)
Salsola tetrandra (ap)
Artemisia herba-alba (ap) Boiled in water Topical Mastitis
Zygophyllum gaetulum (ap)
Acacia tortilis (ba) Grinded and mixed Topical Wounds
Rhus tripartita (ba)
Tamarix sp. (ba,wo)