Skip to main content

Table 1 Medicinal, food, and material taxa used by the Lukomir Highlanders of Bosnia & Herzegovina

From: An ethnobotany of the Lukomir Highlanders of Bosnia & Herzegovina

Family Genus species * Common name Habitat Syntaxa f VN 
Adoxaceae Sambucus nigra L.    Zova, Zobovina, Elder Village & shepherd trails F 11 354
Adoxaceae Sambucus wightiana Wall. ex Wight & Arn.    Haptovina Mountainside slope Ea, Art 1 376
Adoxaceae Sambucus wightiana Wall. ex Wight & Arn.    Haptovina Mountainside slope Ea, Art 3 376
Amaranthaceae Chenopodium bonus-henricus L.    Šćir, Good King Henry Village & shepherd trails Ch, O 5 370
Apiaceae Smyrnium perfoliatum L.    Ljaljica, Perfoliate alexanders Grassland O, Arr 2 380
Apiaceae Smyrnium perfoliatum L.    Ljaljica, Perfoliate alexanders Grassland O, Arr 2 380
Apiaceae Smyrnium perfoliatum L.    Ljaljica, Perfoliate alexanders Grassland O, Arr 2 380
Aristolochiaceae Asarum europaeum L.    Kopitnik/Kopitnjak, European wild ginger Deciduous forest F, Qp, O-Co 1 382
Aristolochiaceae Asarum europaeum L.    Kopitnik/Kopitnjak, European wild ginger Deciduous forest F, Qp, O-Co 2 382
Aspleniaceae Phyllitis scolopendrium (L.) Newman    Podrebnica (male and female) indicated by sori Riparian F, Amph 10 357
Asteraceae Achillea millefolium L.    Kunica, Yarrow Village & shepherd trails Arr, Pm, Ch 9 358
Asteraceae Achillea millefolium L.    Kunica, Yarrow Village & shepherd trails Arr, Pm, Ch 1 358
Asteraceae Artemisia absinthium L.    Pelin, Absinthe wormwood Mountainside slope Art, O 1 396
Asteraceae Cichorium intybus L.    Konjanik, Chicory Village & shepherd trails Art, O, Ag 1 411
Asteraceae Matricaria matricarioides (Less.) Porter ex Britton    Kamilica, Stomaklija, Pineappleweed Village & shepherd trails Pm 1 351
Asteraceae Matricaria matricarioides (Less.) Porter ex Britton    Kamilica, Stomaklija, Pineappleweed Village & shepherd trails Pm 1 397
Asteraceae Matricaria matricarioides (Less.) Porter ex Britton    Kamilica, Stomaklija, Pineappleweed Village & shepherd trails Pm 12 351
Asteraceae Matricaria matricarioides (Less.) Porter ex Britton    Kamilica, Stomaklija, Pineappleweed Village & shepherd trails Pm 1 351
Asteraceae Taraxacum officinale F.H. Wigg.    Maslačak, Dandelion Village & shepherd trails Arr, O, Ag, Pm 1 412
Asteraceae Tussilago farfara L.    Podbijel (♂ or ♀), Coltsfoot Riparian O,Pm 4 371
Boraginaceae Symphytum officinale L.    Gavez, Common comfrey, Boneset Riparian Ag, Bid, Art 2 383
Brassicaceae Capsella bursa-pastoris (L.) Medik.    Rustemača, Shepherd’s purse Village & shepherd trails Ch, O, Art 2 398
Caryophyllaceae Silene uniflora Roth ssp. glareosa (Jord.) Chater & Walters   Puca, Sea campion Grassland Arr, Be, O-Co 2 353
Caryophyllaceae Silene uniflora Roth ssp. glareosa (Jord.) Chater & Walters   Puca, Sea campion Grassland Arr, Be, O-Co 7 353
Caryophyllaceae Silene uniflora Roth ssp. glareosa (Jord.) Chater & Walters   Puca, Sea campion Grassland Arr, Be, O-Co 1 353
Caryophyllaceae Silene uniflora Roth ssp. glareosa (Jord.) Chater & Walters   Puca, Sea campion Grassland Arr, Be, O-Co 8 353
Caryophyllaceae Silene uniflora Roth ssp. prostrata (Gaudin) Chater & Walters   Puca, Sea campion Grassland Arr, Be, O-Co 8 350
Caryophyllaceae Silene uniflora Roth ssp. prostrata (Gaudin) Chater & Walters   Puca, Sea campion Grassland Arr, Be, O-Co 2 350
Caryophyllaceae Silene uniflora Roth ssp. prostrata (Gaudin) Chater & Walters   Puca, Sea campion Grassland Arr, Be, O-Co 7 350
Caryophyllaceae Silene uniflora Roth ssp. prostrata (Gaudin) Chater & Walters   Puca, Sea campion Grassland Arr, Be, O-Co 1 350
Cornaceae Cornus mas L.    Drijen, European dogwood Deciduous forest O-Co, F,Qp,Ps 2 384
Cornaceae Cornus mas L.    Drijen, European dogwood Deciduous forest O-Co, F,Qp,Ps 2 384
Cornaceae Cornus mas L.    Drijen, European dogwood Deciduous forest O-Co, F,Qp,Ps 2 384
Cornaceae Cornus mas L.    Drijen, European dogwood Deciduous forest O-Co, F,Qp,Ps 2 384
Cornaceae Cornus mas L.    Drijen, European dogwood Deciduous forest O-Co, F,Qp,Ps 2 384
Cornaceae Cornus mas L.    Drijen, European dogwood Deciduous forest O-Co, F,Qp,Ps 2 384
Crassulaceae Jovibarba hirta (L.) Opiz   Čuvarkuća, Beard of Jupiter, Hen and Eggs Rockland Amph 1 379
Crassulaceae Jovibarba hirta (L.) Opiz   Čuvarkuća, Beard of Jupiter, Hen and Eggs Rockland Amph 1 379
Crassulaceae Sedum sexangulare L.    Zednjak, Tasteless stonecrop Rockland Amph 1 416
Cupressaceae Juniperus communis L.    Smreka, Common juniper Mountainside slope Jun, O-Co 1 399
Equisetaceae Equisetum arvense L.    Preslica, Field horsetail Riparian Pm, Ch 3 367
Equisetaceae Equisetum arvense L.    Preslica, Field horsetail Riparian Pm, Ch 2 367
Ericaceae Vaccinium myrtillus L.    Borovnica, European blueberry Mountainside slope V, V-P 1 368
Ericaceae Vaccinium myrtillus L.    Borovnica, European blueberry Mountainside slope V, V-P 5 368
Ericaceae Vaccinium vitis-idaea L.    Brusnica, Lingonberry Mountainside slope V 1 385
Ericaceae Vaccinium vitis-idaea L.    Brusnica, Lingonberry Mountainside slope V 2 385
Euphorbiaceae Euphorbia myrsinites L.    Mliječavac, Myrtle spurge Rockland Af, S-Ch, Be 1 400
Fabaceae Anthyllis vulneraria L.    Ranjenik, Kidney vetch Grassland Be, St 4 372
Fabaceae Anthyllis vulneraria L.    Ranjenik, Kidney vetch Grassland Be, St 4 372
Fabaceae Ononis spinosa L.    Gladišika, Spiny restharrow Grassland Be, S-Ch, Ps 3 377
Fabaceae Trifolium pratense L.    Crvena djetelina, Red clover Grassland Arr, Ag, Be 2 386
Fabaceae Trifolium repens L.    Bijela djetelina, White clover Grassland Ag, M, Arr 2 387
Fagaceae Fagus sylvatica L.    Bukva, European beech Deciduous forest F 1 410
Gentianaceae Gentiana lutea L.   Lincura, Great yellow gentian Grassland St, Pim 1 393
Gentianaceae Gentiana lutea L.   Lincura, Great yellow gentian Grassland St, Pim 1 393
Hypericaceae Hypericum perforatum L.    Kantarion, Ženska trava, St. John’s wort Grassland Orig, Ps, Be 2 355
Hypericaceae Hypericum perforatum L.    Kantarion, Ženska trava, St. John’s wort Grassland Orig, Ps, Be 11 355
Lamiaceae Mentha longifolia (L.) L.    Metvica, Nana, Horse mint Riparian Bid, Mol, M-C 1 413
Lamiaceae Mentha longifolia (L.) L.    Metvica, Nana, Horse mint Riparian Bid, Mol, M-C 1 401
Lamiaceae Mentha longifolia (L.) L.    Metvica, Nana, Horse mint Riparian Bid, Mol, M-C 15 349
Lamiaceae Mentha pulegium L.    Verem, European pennyroyal Riparian Bid, Mol, M-C 1 402
Lamiaceae Nepeta cataria L.    Macina trava, Catnip Rockland O, Be 5 369
Lamiaceae Nepeta cataria L.    Macina trava, Catnip Rockland O, Be 5 369
Lamiaceae Nepeta cataria L.    Macina trava, Catnip Rockland O, Be 5 369
Lamiaceae Salvia officinalis L.   Kadulja, Sage Mountainside slope S-Ch, O-Co 15 348
Lamiaceae Salvia officinalis L.   Kadulja, Sage Mountainside slope S-Ch, O-Co 1 348
Lamiaceae Satureja montana L.    Vrijesak, Winter savory Rockland S-Ch, O-Co 6 366
Lamiaceae Satureja montana L.   Vrijesak, Winter savory Rockland S-Ch, O-Co 1 366
Lamiaceae Teucrium montanum L.    Iva, Mountain germander Rockland Be, S-Ch 12 352
Lamiaceae Thymus serpyllum L.    Čubra (Crvena i Bijela), Majčina dušica, Breckland thyme Rockland Be, S-Ch 5 365
Lamiaceae Thymus serpyllum L.    Čubra (Crvena i Bijela), Majčina dušica, Breckland thyme Rockland Be, S-Ch 7 365
Liliaceae Convallaria majalis L.    Dudurika, Lily of the vally Deciduous forest Qp, F, O-Co 3 378
Liliaceae Lilium bosniacum (Beck) Fritsch   Bosanski ljiljan, Zlatan, Bosnian lily Grassland Arr, Be, O-Co 1 417
Liliaceae Lilium bosniacum (Beck) Fritsch   Bosanski ljiljan, Zlatan, Bosnian lily Grassland Arr, Be, O-Co 1 417
Malvaceae Tilia platyphyllos Scop.    Lipa, Large-leaved linden Grassland F, Qp 4 374
Malvaceae Tilia platyphyllos Scop.    Lipa, Large-leaved linden Grassland F, Qp 1 374
Melanthiaceae Veratrum album L.    Čemerika, European white hellebore Grassland Ad, Arr 2 388
Parmeliaceae Cetraria islandica (L.) Ach    Islandski lišaj, Mašina, Iceland moss Mountainside slope St, Be 1 403
Pinaceae Pinus nigra Arnold    Bor, Black pine Mountainside slope St, Be 1 418
Plantaginaceae Plantago lanceolata L.    Bokvica ♀, Ribwort plantain Grassland Arr, Ag, Be 1 359
Plantaginaceae Plantago lanceolata L.    Bokvica ♀, Ribwort plantain Grassland Arr, Ag, Be 9 359
Plantaginaceae Plantago major L.    Bokvica, Broadleaf plantain Village & shepherd trails Pm, Ch 1 360
Plantaginaceae Plantago major L.    Bokvica, Broadleaf plantain Village & shepherd trails Pm, Ch 9 360
Poaceae Elymus repens (L.) Gould    Pirika, Couch grass Grassland Pm, Ag, Arr 1 389
Poaceae Elymus repens (L.) Gould    Pirika, Couch grass Grassland Pm, Ag, Arr 1 389
Polygonaceae Polygonum bistorta L.    Srčanik, Bistort Grassland Ad, Arr 11 356
Primulaceae Primula veris L.    Jagorčevina, Cowslip Grassland Arr, Ad, Ps 4 373
Ranunculaceae Helleborus odorus Waldst. & Kit. ex Willd.   Kukurijek, Hellebore Grassland Ps, Cor, F, Qp 1 394
Rosaceae Crataegus monogyna Jacq.    Glog, Gloginje, Hawthorn Deciduous forest Ps, Cor, Qp 2 361
Rosaceae Crataegus monogyna Jacq.    Glog, Gloginje, Hawthorn Deciduous forest Ps, Cor, Qp 8 361
Rosaceae Prunus spinosa L.    Trn, Trnjina, Blackthorne Rakija, Brandy Mountainside slope Ps, F, Qp 1 405
Rosaceae Prunus spinosa L.    Trn, Trnjina, Blackthorne Rakija, Brandy Mountainside slope Ps, F, Qp 1 405
Rosaceae Prunus spinosa L.    Trn, Trnjina, Blackthorne Rakija, Brandy Mountainside slope Ps, F, Qp 1 405
Rosaceae Rosa glauca Pourr.    Šipak/Šipina Mountainside slope O-Co, Orig 8 364
Rosaceae Rosa glauca Pourr.    Šipak/Šipina, Redleaf rose Mountainside slope O-Co, Orig 8 364
Rosaceae Rubus idaeus L.    Malina, Raspberry Deciduous forest Ea, Atr 1 406
Rosaceae Rubus saxatilis L.    Kupina, Stone bramble Grassland Af, S-Ch 1 407
Scrophulariaceae Verbascum thapsus L.    Divizbina, Divizma, Great mullein Grassland Art, O 2 390
Solanaceae Solanum tuberosum L.   * Krompir, Potato Cultivated Cult, Ch 1 408
Urticaceae Urtica dioica L.    Žara, Kopriva, Stinging nettle Village & shepherd trails Art, O 1 362
Urticaceae Urtica dioica L.    Žara, Kopriva, Stinging nettle Village & shepherd trails Art, O 1 362
Urticaceae Urtica dioica L.    Žara, Kopriva, Stinging nettle Village & shepherd trails Art, O 5 362
Urticaceae Urtica dioica L.    Žara, Kopriva, Stinging nettle Village & shepherd trails Art, O 7 362
Vitaceae Vitis vinifera L.   * Sirće, Vinegar Cultivated Cult 1 409
  1. Table 1 details the classification, names, habitat, frequency of use reports and voucher numbers of the 58 species (including 2 subspecies) identified by the Highlanders during this studyAd Adiantetalia, Af Arabidetalia flavescentis, Ag Agrostiealia, Amph Amphoricarpetalia, Arr Arrhenatheretalia, Art Artemisietalia, Atr Atropetalia, Be Brometalia erecti, Bid Bidentetalia, Ch Chenopodietalia, Cor Corynephoretalia, Cult cultivated, Ea Epilobietalia angustifoliae, F Fagetalia, Jun Juniperetalia, M-C Montio-Cardaminetalia, M Molinietalia, Mol Molinietalia, O Onopordetalia, O-Co Ostryo-Carpinetalia orientalis, Orig Origanetalia, Pm Plantaginetalia majoris, Ps Prunetalia spinosae, Qp Quercetalia pubescentis, S-Ch Scorzonero-Chrysopogonetalia, St Stipetalia, V Vaccinietalia, V-P Vaccinio-Piceetalia
  2. A dagger (†) indicates European endemic taxa. An asterisk (*) indicates plants found in a garden rather than the wild