Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 2 Habitat zones in the Sikkim Eastern Himalayas, and some characteristic woody taxa with ethnobotanical records found within associated habitat zones (Adapted from [21, 53])

From: Integrating ethnobiological knowledge into biodiversity conservation in the Eastern Himalayas

Habitat Zone Forest Type Some characteristic taxa with ethnobotanical records
Tropical (<1000 m) (i) Tropical riverine evergreen/deciduous Forest Bombax ceiba, Cycas pectinata, Dalbergia sissoo,
(ii) Tropical Moist Evergreen/Deciduous Forest Dillenia indica, Duabanga grandiflora, Garuga pinnata,
(iii) Tropical Moist Mixed Forest Lagerstromia speciosa, Mimosa pudica, Shorea robusta
(iv) Tropical Dry Evergreen/Deciduous Forest
Subtropical (1000–2000 m) (i) Subtropical Riverine evergreen/Deciduous Forest Callicarpa arborea, Castanopsis tribuloides, Fraxinus floribunda,
(ii) Subtropical Moist Evergreen/Deciduous Forest Macaranga pustulata, Mangifera sylvatica, Pandanus furcatus,
(iii) Subtropical Moist Mixed Forest Saurauia nepaulensis, Schima wallichi
(iv) Subtropical Dry Evergreen/Deciduous Forest
Warm Temperate (2000–2500 m) (i) Warm Temperate Riverine Evergreen/Deciduous Forest Alnus nepalensis, Castanopsis tribuloides, Engelhardia spicata,
(ii) Warm Temperate Moist Evergreen/Deciduous Forest Evodia fraxinifolia, Ilex dipyrena, Juglans regia,
(iii) Warm Temperate Moist Mixed Forest Lithocarpus pachyphyllus, Quercus lamellosa, Zanthoxylum acanthopodium
(iv) Warm Temperate Dry Evergreen/Deciduous Forest
Cool Temperate (2500–3000 m) (i) Cool Temperate Riverine Deciduous Forest Acer caudatum, Betula utilis, Cinnamomum impressinervium
(ii) Cool Temperate Moist Evergreen Forest Cryptomeria japonica, Magnolia lanuginosa, Mahonia sikkimensis,
(iii) Cool Temperate Moist Mixed Forest Rhododenron arboreum, Quercus lineata
(iv) Cool Temperate Dry Evergreen Forest
Subalpine (3000–4000 m) (i) Subalpine Riverine Evergreen Forest Abies densa, Abies spectabilis, Berberis insignis, Juniperus recurva,
(ii) Subalpine Moist Evergreen Forest Larix griffithiana, Rhododenron barbatum, Rhododendron campanulatum, Taxus wallichiana
(iii) Subalpine Moist Deciduous Forest  
(iv) Subalpine Dry Evergreen Forest
Alpine (>4000 m) (i) Alpine Riverine Juniperus indica, Rhododendron fulgens, Rhododendron nivium
(ii) Alpine Meadow
(iii) Alpine Scrub