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Table 2 Cultural uses of mammals and birds in the study area

From: Ethnomedicinal and cultural practices of mammals and birds in the vicinity of river Chenab, Punjab-Pakistan

S. no Scientific, local & common name MCU FM RFM Med. use Cultural uses
Mag Entt Do To Cc Pt Or Fo Na Ha
  Mammals
1. Bos taurus L. Cow, Gay 5 36 0.33 X X X X X X
2. Bubalus bubalis L. Buffalo, Mujh 5 40 0.37 X X X X X X
3. Camelus dromedaries L. Camel, Ount 5 24 0.22 X X X X X X
4. Canis aureus L. Asiatic jackal, Gidar 3 17 0.16 X X X X X X X X
5. Canis lupus familiaris L. Dog, Kuta 5 19 0.17 X X X X X X
6. Capra aegagrus hircus L. Goat, Bakri 5 32 0.29 X X X X X X
7. Equus africanus von Heuglin Donkey, Gadha 5 22 0.2 X X X X X X X
8. Equus caballus L. Horse, Kurrah 5 28 0.26 X X X X X X
9. Felis chaus Schreber Jungle cat, Jungli billi 3 15 0.14 X X X X X X X X
10. Felis domesticus L. Cat, Billi 3 46 0.42 X X X X X X X X
11. Funnambulus pennanti Wroughton Northern palm squirrel, Gulahri 1 7 0.06 X X X X X X X X X X
12. Hemiechinus collaris Gray Long eared desert hedgehog Chotay kanday ali say, Kandyari Choha 2 11 0.1 X X X X X X X X X
13. Herpestes javanicus E. Geoffroy Small Indian mongoose, Neola 3 12 0.11 X X X X X X X X
14. Homo sapiens L. Human, Insan 1 9 0.08 X - X X X X X X X X
15. Hystrix indica Kerr Indian crested porcupine, Kanday wali say 4 52 0.48 X X X X X X X
16. Lepus nigricollis dayanus F. Cuvier Desert hare, Jungli saya, Jungli khargush 4 54 0.5 X X X X X X X
17. Manis crassicaudata E. Geoffroy Indian Pangolin, Pangolin, Sipple 1 8 0.07 X X X X X X X X X X
18. Millardia meltada Gray Soft-furred field rat, Fasli Choha 1 6 0.06 X X X X X X X X X X
19. Mus musculus L. House mouse, Chota Choha 1 4 0.04 X X X X X X X X X X
20. Nesokia indica Gray Short tailed mole rat, Chhoti push wala choha 1 3 0.03 X X X X X X X X X X
21. Oryctolagus cuniculusl. Domestic rabbit, Khargush, Saya 4 14 0.13 X X X X X X X
22. Ovis aries L. Sheep, Bairh 5 23 0.21 X X X X X X
23. Pteropus giganteus Brunnich Indian flying fox bat, Chamgadar 1 10 0.09 X X X X X X X X X X
24. Rattus rattus L. House rat, Wada Choha 1 5 0.05 X X X X X X X X X X
25. Suncus etruscus Savi Mediterranean pygmy shrew, Choti chachondar 1 2 0.02 X X X X X X X X X X
26. Suncus murinus L. House shrew, Waddi chachondar 1 2 0.02 X X X X X X X X X X
27. Sus scrofa L. Indian wild boar, Baarla, Soor 4 20 0.18 X X X X X X X
28. Tatera indica Hardwicke Indian gerbil, Jungli Choha 1 3 0.03 X X X X X X X X X X
29. Ursus thibetanus G. Cuvier Bear, Richh 7 26 0.24 X X X X
30. Vulpes bengalensis Shaw Indian/Bengal fox, Lomri 3 13 0.12 X X X X X X X X
  Birds
31. Acridotheres ginginianus Latham Bank Myna, Shark 3 21 0.193 X X X X X X X X X
32. Acridotheres tristis L. Common Myna, Lali 2 3 0.028 X X X X X X X X X X
33. Acrocephalus dumetorum Blyth Blyth’s Reed Warbler, Dabh peeddi 2 6 0.055 X X X X X X X X X X
34. Acrocephalus melanopogon Temminck Moustached Sedge Warbler, Chhoti Peeddi 2 4 0.037 X X X X X X X X X X
35. Alauda arvensis L Eurasian Lark, Chandol 4 35 0.321 X X X X X X X X
36. Alauda gulgula Franklin Small Skylark, Chhota chandol 4 35 0.321 X X X X X X X X
37. Alcedo atthis L. Common Kingfisher, Chhota machhera 2 12 0.11 X X X X X X X X X X
38. Amandava amandava L. Red Munia, Lal moonia 2 11 0.101 X X X X X X X X X X
39. Amaurornis phoenicurus Pennant, White-breasted Waterhen, Chitthikki jal kukri 4 25 0.229 X X X X X X X X
40. Anas clypeata L. Shoveler, Balchi 2 9 0.083 X X X X X X X X X X
41. Anas crecca L. Common Teal, Til 2 3 0.028 X X X X X X X X X X
42. Anas penelope L. Eurasian Wigeon. Wijan 4 5 0.046 X X X X X X X X
43. Anas platyrhynchos domesticus L. Domestic Duck, Batakh 5 55 0.505 X X X X X X
44. Anas platyrhynchos L. Mallard, Nilsir 3 11 0.101 X X X X X X X X X
45. Anas querquedula L. Garganey, Nili til 3 22 0.202 X X X X X X X V X X
46. Anas strepera L. Gadwall, Gaidwal 2 4 0.037 X X X X X X X X X X
47. Anhinga melanogaster Pennant Snake Bird, Bhujanga 2 6 0.055 X X X X X X X X X X
48. Anser indicus Latham Bar-headed Goose, Sawa magh 4 22 0.202 X X X X X X X X
49. Anthus campestris L. Tawny Pipit, Baggi charchari 2 4 0.037 X X X X X X X X X X
50. Anthus novaeseelandiae Gmelin Richard Pipit, Charchari 2 2 0.018 X X X X X X X X X X
51. Anthus trivialis L. Tree Pipit, Rukh charchari 2 6 0.055 X X X X X X X X X X
52. Anus auta L. Pintail Duck, Sinkhpur 4 38 0.349 X X X X X X X X
53. Apus affinis Gray Little Swift, Chhoti ateran 2 11 0.101 X X X X X X X X X X
54. Aquila rapax Temminck Tawny Eagle, Chhota baaz 3 9 0.083 X X X X X X X X X
55. Ara macao L. Macaw, Macaw 3 24 0.22 X X X X X X X X
56. Ardea cinerea L. Grey Heron, Nari 2 15 0.138 X X X X X X X X X X
57. Ardea cinerea L. Purple Heron, Kirmachi nari 2 17 0.156 X X X X X X X X X X
58. Ardeola grayii Sykes Indian Pond Heron, Chhappari bagla 2 2 0.018 X X X X X X X X X X
59. Athene brama Temminck Spotted Little Owlet, Ullo 5 31 0.284 X X X X X X X
60. Aythya ferina L. Common Pochard, Pochad 4 35 0.321 X X X X X X X X
61. Aythya fuligula L. Tufted Duck, Bodal murgabi 4 34 0.312 X X X X X X X X
62. Bubulcus ibis L. Cattle Egret, Badami bagla 3 6 0.055 X X X X X X X X X
63. Buteo buteo L. Common Buzzard, Tisa 2 2 0.018 X X X X X X X X X X
64. Buteo rufinus Cretzschmar Long-legged Buzzard, Chuhamar tisa 2 3 0.028 X X X X X X X X X X
65. Calandrella brachydactylaLeisler, Greater Short-toed Lark, Chandol 4 35 0.321 X X X X X X X X
66. Calidris alpine L. Tateri 2 5 0.046 X X X X X X X X X X
67. Calidris minuta Leisler Little Stint, Panlawa 2 5 0.046 X X X X X X X X X X
68. Calidris temminckii Leisler Temminck’s Stint 2 5 0.046 X X X X X X X X X X
69. Caprimulgus europaeus L. European Nightjar, Chapaki 2 27 0.248 X X X X X X X X X X
70. Carpodacus erythrinus Pallas Common Rosefinch, Lal tooti 4 15 0.138 X X X X X X X X
71. Centropus sinensis Stephens Common Crow Pheasant, Jal Kukar 3 18 0.165 X X X X X X X X X
72. Cercomela fusca Blyth Common Rock chat, Lal galri 2 3 0.028 X X X X X X X X X X
73. Ceryle rudis L. Small Pied kingfisher, Kilkila 2 9 0.083 X X X X X X X X X X
74. Charadrius alexandrinus L. Snowy Plover, Kalarwala marwa 3 17 0.156 X X X X X X X X X
75. Chlidonias hybridus Pallas Whiskered Tern, Taheri 2 4 0.037 X X X X X X X X X X
76. Chrysomma altirostre JerdonSind Babbler, Serhari 2 2 0.018 X X X X X X X X X X
77. Cisticola juncidis Rafinesque Fan-tailed Warbler, Phanka Peeddi 2 4 0.037 X X X X X X X X X X
78. Clamator jacobinus Boddaert Pied Crested Cuckoo, Koail 2 14 0.128 X X X X X X X   X X
79. Columba livia Gmelin Blue Rock Pigeon, Jangli kabotar 6 60 0.55 X X X X X X
80. Coracias benghalensis L. Indian Roller, Nil kanth 2 3 0.028 X X X X X X X X X X
81. Coracias garrulus L. Kashmir Roller, Nil Kanth 2 8 0.073 X X X X X X X X X X
82. Corvus splendens Vieillot House Crow, Kaan 4 28 0.257 X X X X X X X X
83. Coturnix coturnix L. Common Quail, Batera 6 58 0.532 X X X X X X
84. Cursorius coromandelicus Gmelin, Indian Courser, Nukri 2 4 0.037 X X X X X X X X X X
85. Dendrocitta vagabunda Latham Indian Tree Pie, Chhota kaan, Lagoja 2 5 0.046 X X X X X X X X X X
86. Dicrurus macrocercus Vieillot Black Drongo, Japal kalchit, Chepu 2 5 0.046 X X X X X X X X X X
87. Egretta alba L. Large Egret, Wadda bagla 3 10 0.092 X X X X X X X X X
88. Egretta garzetta L. Little Egret, Bauna bagla 3 8 0.073 X X X X X X X X X
89. Egretta intermedia Wagler Intermediate Egret, Gabhla bagla 3 12 0.11 X X X X X X X X X
90. Elanus caeruleus Desfontaines Black Winged Kite, Chiti ail 2 10 0.092 X X X X X X X X X X
91. Emberiza bruniceps Brandt Red-headed Bunting, Lal sir booli 2 25 0.229 X X X X X X X X X X
92. Emberiza schoeniclus L. Reed Bunting, Booli 2 14 0.128 X X X X X X X X X X
93. Eremopterix grisea Scopoli Ashy Crowned Finch lark, Saleti sir chandol 4 35 0.321 X X X X X X X X
94. Eudynamys scolopacea L. Koel, Koal 4 24 0.22 X X X X X X X X
95. Falco tinnunculus L. Eurasian Kestrel, Lal shikra 2 11 0.101 X X X X X X X X X X
96. Falco chicquera Daudin, Red Necked Falcon, Lal-gardan baaz 2 10 0.092 X X X X X X X X X X
97. Ficedula parva Bechstein Red-breasted Flycatcher, Lal gala tik tiki 2 4 0.037 X X X X X X X X X X
98. Francolinus francolinus L. Black partridge, Kala tittar 6 56 0.514 X X X X X X
99. Francolinus pondicerianus Gmelin, Indian Grey Partridge, Bhura tittar 5 23 0.211 X X X X X X X
100. Fulica atra L. Eurasian Coot, Koot 2 11 0.101 X X X X X X X X X X
101. Gallicrex cinerea Gmelin Watercock, Jal murgha 2 13 0.119 X X X X X X X X X X
102. Gallinula chloropus L. Common Moorhen, Jal kukri 4 34 0.312 X X X X X X X X
103. Gallus gallus L. Domestic Chicken, Murghi 5 62 0.569 X X X X X X
104. Gelochelidon nilotica Gmelin Gull-billed Tern, Bularh taheri 2 5 0.046 X X X X X X X X X X
105. Grus grus L. Common Crane, Waddi kunj 2 9 0.083 X X X X X X X X X X
106. Halcyon smyrnensis L. White-throated Kingfisher, Wadda machhera 2 14 0.128 X X X X X X X X X X
107. Hieraaetus fasciatus Sibley & Monroe Bonnelli’s Eagle, Baaz 3 14 0.128 X X X X X X X X X
1108. Himantopus himantopus L. Black-winged Stilt, Lam latta 2 15 0.138 X X X X X X X X X X
109. Hippolais caligata Lichtenstein Booted Warbler, Chita gala Peeddi 2 7 0.064 X X X X X X X X X X
110. Hirundo rustica L. Barn or Common Swallow, Ababil 2 5 0.046 X X X X X X X X X X
111. Hirundo smithii Leach Wire-tailed Swallow, Tar punjha 2 4 0.037 X X X X X X X X X X
112. Hoplopterus indicus Boddaert Red-wattled Lapwing, Tatihri 2 13 0.119 X X X X X X X X X X
113. Ixobrychus sinensis Gmelin Yellow Bittern, Bora bagla 2 4 0.037 X X X X X X X X X X
114. Larus fuscus L Lesser Black-headed Gull, Chhota damra 2 4 0.037 X X X X X X X X X X
115. Lonchura malabarica L. Indian Silverbill 4 17 0.156 X X X X X X X X
116. Lymnocryptes minimus Brünnich, Jack Snipe, Rangla chaha 2 6 0.055 X X X X X X X X X X
117. Meleagris gallopavo L. Turkey, Turkey 5 30 0.275 X X X X X X
118. Merops orientalis Latham Little Green Bee-eater, Chhota path ranga 2 7 0.064 X X X X X X X X X X
119. Merops supercilliosus L. Blue-cheeked Bee-eater, Chhota path ranga 3 5 0.046 X X X X X X X X X
120. Milvus migrans migrans Boddaert, Indian Kite, Cheil, Ail 2 8 0.073 X X X X X X X X X X
121. Motacilla alba alboides Hodgson, Hodgeson’s Pied Wagtail, Wadda mamola 2 3 0.028 X X X X X X X X X X
122. Motacilla alba dukhunensis Sykes, Siberian Pied Wagtail, Wadda mamola 2 3 0.028 X X X X X X X X X X
123. Motacilla cinerea Tunstall Grey Wagtail, Slati mamola 2 4 0.037 X X X X X X X X X X
124. Motacilla citreola calcarata PallasYellow-headed Black-backed Wagtail, Pila kala Mamola 2 6 0.055 X X X X X X X X X X
125. Motacilla citreola citreola Pavlova Yellow-Headed Black-Collared Wagtail, Pila Mamola 2 4 0.037 X X X X X X X X X X
126. Motacilla citreola werae Pavlova Yellow-headed Grey-backed Wagtail Pila si mamaloa 2 4 0.037 X X X X X X X X X X
127. Motacilla maderaspatensis Gmelin, Large Pied Wagtail, Wada mamola 2 3 0.028 X X X X X X X X X X
128. Mycteria leucocephala Pennant Painted Stork, Chitra lamdhing 2 11 0.101 X X X X X X X X X X
129. Nectarinia asiatica Latham Purple Sunbird, Kala pidda, Shakar khora 2 7 0.064 X X X X X X X X X X
130. Nycticorax nycticorax L. Night Heron, Chor bagla 2 7 0.064 X X X X X X X X X X
131. Oenanthe isabellina Temminck, Isabelline Wheatear, Kali akha wheater 3 15 0.138 X X X X X X X X X
132. Oenanthe picata Blyth Eastern Wheatear, Kali cheeti wheatear 3 20 0.183 X X X X X X X X X
133. Oriolus oriolus L. Golden Oriole, Pilak 2 13 0.119 X X X X X X X X X X
134. Orthotomus sutorius Pennant Tailor Bird, Derzi 2 3 0.028 X X X X X X X X X X
135. Parus major L. Great Tit, Wadda tit 2 8 0.073 X X X X X X X X X X
136. Passer domesticus L. House Sparrow, Chiri 6 64 0.587 X X X X X X
137. Passer hispaniolensis Temminck, Willow Sparrow, Chini chiri 2 15 0.138 X X X X X X X X X X
138. Pavo cristatus L. Peacock, Moor 3 25 0.229 X X X X X X X X
139. Pericrocotus ethologus Bangs & Phillips Long-tailed Minivet, Lam punjhi saheli 2 7 0.064 X X X X X X X X X X
140. Pernis ptilorhynchus Temminck, Crested Honey Buzzard, Makhi tissa 2 4 0.037 X X X X X X X X X X
141. Phalacrocorax niger Vieillot Little Cormorant, Jal kaan 2 3 0.028 X X X X X X X X X X
142. Phoenicurus ochruros Gmelin Black Redstart, Kala thirthara 2 4 0.037 X X X X X X X X X X
143. Phylloscopus subviridis Brooks Brooks’s Leaf Warbler, Hari peeli Peeddi 2 4 0.037 X X X X X X X X X X
144. Ploceus philippinus L. Baya Weaver, Bijra 2 3 0.028 X X X X X X X X X X
145. Porzana parva Scopoli Little Crake, Jal bater 2 15 0.138 X X X X X X X X X X
146. Prinia burnesii Blyth Long-tailed Grass Warbler, Bori Peeddi 2 3 0.028 X X X X X X X X X X
147. Prinia gracilis Lichtenstein Streaked Long-tailed Warbler, Lumbi push Peeddi 2 5 0.046 X X X X X X X X X X
148. Prinia inornata Sykes Tawny Prinia, Chhoti bori Peeddi 4 27 0.248 X X X X X X X X
149. Prinia socialis Sykes Ashy long-tailed Warbler, Uchi push Peeddi 2 3 0.028 X X X X X X X X X X
150. Psittacula eupatria L. Large Indian Parakeet, Wada tota 4 50 0.459 X X X X X X X X
151. Psittacula krameri Scopoli Rose-ringed Parakeet, Gani wala Tota 5 50 0.459 X X X X X X X X X
152. Pycnonotus cafer L. Red-vented Bulbul, Pahari bulbul 2 2 0.018 X X X X X X X X X X
153. Pycnonotus leucogenys Gray White-cheeked Bulbul, Bulbul 2 2 0.018 X X X X X X X X X X
154. Rallus aquaticus L. Water Rail 2 13 0.119 X X X X X X X X X X
155. Recurvirostra avosetta L. Pied Avocet, Chaha 2 3 0.028 X X X X X X X X X X
156. Remiz pendulinus L. Penduline Tit, Tit 2 6 0.055 X X X X X X X X X X
157. Rhipidura aureola Lesson White-browned Fantail Flycatcher Phanka tik tiki 2 3 0.028 X X X X X X X X X X
158. Riparia paludicola Vieillot Indian Sindh Martin, Martin 2 35 0.321 X X X X X X X X X X
159. Riparia riparia L. Collard Sand Martin, Martin ababil 2 4 0.037 X X X X X X X X X X
160. Rynchops albicollis Swainson Indian Skimmer, Pancheera 2 4 0.037 X X X X X X X X X X
161. Saxicola leucura Blyth White-tailed Bushchat, Galri 2 5 0.046 X X X X X X X X X X
162. Saxicoloides fulicata L. Indian Robin, Kalla Peedda 2 3 0.028 X X X X X X X X X X
163. Sterna acuticauda Gray Black-bellied Tern, Kali chonge taheri 2 5 0.046 X X X X X X X X X X
164. Sterna albifrons Pallas Little Tern, Choti taheri 2 6 0.055 X X X X X X X X X X
165. Sterna aurantia Gray Indian River Tern, Dariai taheri 2 4 0.037 X X X X X X X X X X
166. Streptopelia decaocto Frivaldszky Indian Ring Dove, Kogi, Ghogi 6 45 0.413 X X X X X X
167. Streptopelia orientalis Latham Oriental turtle Dove, Totru 6 44 0.404 X X X X X X
168. Streptopelia senegalensis L. Little Brown Dove, Chhoti tutru, Chhoti kogi 6 36 0.33 X X X X X X
169. Streptopelia tranquebarica Hermann, Red Turtle Dove, Lal totru 6 47 0.431 X X X X X X
170. Sturnus roseus L. Rosy Starling, Gulabi tilyar, Gulabi maina 2 4 0.037 X X X X X X X X X X
171. Sturnus vulgaris L. Common Starling, Tilyar, Maina 2 5 0.046 X X X X X X X X X X
172. Sylvia curruca L. Lesser Whitethroat, Chitt kanthi peeddi 2 4 0.037 X X X X X X X X X X
173. Tachybaptus ruficollis Pallas Little Grebe, Dubkian 2 5 0.046 X X X X X X X X X X
174. Tadorna ferruginea Pallas Common Shelduck, Surkhab 2 3 0.028 X X X X X X X X X X
175. Tadorna tadorna L. Ruddy Shelduck, Surmai 2 6 0.055 X X X X X X X X X X
176. Tephrodornis pondicerian Gmelin, Common Wood Shrike, Latora 2 6 0.055 X X X X X X X X X X
177. Tringa glareola L. Wood Sandpiper 2 5 0.046 X X X X X X X X X X
178. Tringa nebularia Gunnerus Greenshank, Hara chaha 2 4 0.037 X X X X X X X X X X
179. Tringa ochropus L. Green Sandpiper 2 6 0.055 X X X X X X X X X X
180. Tringa stagnatilis Bechstein Marsh Sandpiper 2 5 0.046 X X X X X X X X X X
181. Turdoides caudatus Dumont Common Babbler, Serhari 2 4 0.037 X X X X X X X X X X
182. Turdoides earlei Blyth Striated Babbler, Dharidar serhari 2 7 0.064 X X X X X X X X X X
183. Turdoides striatus Dumont Jungle Babbler, Jangli serhari 2 9 0.083 X X X X X X X X X X
184. Upupa epops L. Common Hoopoe, Hud-hud 2 4 0.037 X X X X X X X X X X
185. Vanellus vanellus L. Great Plover, Waddi karvank 2 4 0.037 X X X X X X X X X X
  1. MCU (Medicinal and Cultural Uses), FM (Frequency of Mention), RFM (Relative Frequency of Mention), Med (Medicinal), Mag (Magic), Entt (Entertainment), Do (Domestic), To (Tool), Cc (Commercial), Pt (Pet), Or (Ornamental), Fo (Food), Na (Narrative), Ha (Harmful)