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Table 6 List of important plant and animal medicinal food taxa cited by the non-institutionally trained Siddha practitioners of Tiruvallur district, Tamil Nadu, to treat various ailments

From: A study on food-medicine continuum among the non-institutionally trained siddha practitioners of Tiruvallur district, Tamil Nadu, India

Illness categories Plants Animals
Analgesics Cardiospermum halicacabum (0.750), Moringa oleifera (0.470), Solanum americanum (0.409)
Anabolic Sardinella longiceps (1.000), Fenneropenaeus indicus (0.500), Sphyraena jello (0.333)
Blood ailments Moringa oleifera (0.470), Beta vulgaris (0.333), Eclipta prostrata (0.400), Eleusine coracana (0.333), Ficus racemosa (0.428), Phyllanthus emblica (0.384), Trigonella foenum-graecum (0.333), Vitis vinifera (0.375) Gallus gallus domesticus (0.500), Uroteuthis duvauceli (0.333)
Bone fracture Capra aegagrus hircus (0.333)
Coolants Borassus flabellifer (0.666), Coccinia grandis (0.692), Cuminum cyminum (0.428) Bos taurus (0.500)
Dermatological ailments Solanum americanum (0.409)
Diabetes Coccinia grandis (0.692), Limonia acidissima (0.750), Abelmoschus esculentus (0.333), Brassica oleracea var. gongylodes (1.000), Marsilea quadrifolia (0.666), Syzygium cumini (1.000)
Eye ailments Phyllanthus emblica (0.384)
Fatigue Gibelion catla (0.333)
Fever Parathelphusa hydrodromus (1.000), Portunus sanguinolentus (0.750)
Gastrointestinal ailments Citrus medica (0.666), Coccinia grandis (0.692), Musa paradisiaca (0.800) Punica granatum (0.444), Solanum americanum (0.409), Citrus limon (0.400), Murraya koenigii (0.428), Ziziphus jujuba (0.750), Cuminum cyminum (0.428), Ipomoea aquatica (0.750), Mangifera indica (0.666), Phyllanthus emblica (0.384), Psidium guajava (0.666), Sesbania grandiflora (0.285), Vitis vinifera (0.375), Allium sativum (0.250), Citrullus lanatus (0.500), Cocos nucifera (0.333), Cucumis sativus (1.000), Daucus carota (0.333), Digera muricata (1.000), Ficus racemosa (0.428), Momordica charantia (0.500), Portulaca quadrifida (0.400), Solanum lycopersicum (0.200), Tamarindus indica (1.000)
Gynecological ailments Aloe vera (0.428), Musa paradisiaca (0.800), Moringa oleifera (0.470), Vigna mungo (0.444) Scoliodon laticaudus (1.000), Gibelion catla (0.333), Rachycentron canadus (1.000), Stolephorus indicus (0.750)
Headache
Heart ailments Mangifera indica (0.666), Citrus medica (0.666), Hibiscus rosa-sinensis (0.500), Phyllanthus emblica (0.384)
Hemorrhoids Allium cepa (0.666), Abutilon indicum (1.000), Amorphophallus paeoniifolius (0.666), Cissus quadrangularis (0.400), Musa paradisiaca (0.800), Acalypha indica (0.333)
Hypertension Citrus medica (0.666), Moringa oleifera (0.470), Oxalis corniculata (0.500)
Hypotension
Hypothyroidism
Jaundice
Kapha ailments Mukia maderaspatana (1.000), Solanum americanum (0.409), Cardiospermum halicacabum (0.750), Cleome gynandra (0.250), Leucas aspera (0.250), Moringa oleifera (0.470), Plectranthus amboinicus (1.000), Solanum torvum (0.166), Solanum trilobatum (0.500) Himantura uarnak (0.500), Parastromateus niger (0.666), Rastrelliger kanagurta (1.000), Stolephorus indicus (0.750), Euthynnus affinis (0.500), Pampus argenteus (0.500), Trichiurus lepturus Eupleurogrammus muticus (0.333)
Liver ailments Eclipta prostrata (0.400)
Male reproductive ailments Solanum trilobatum (0.500), Allium cepa (0.666), Ficus racemosa (0.428), Ipomoea aquatica (0.750), Mangifera indica (0.666), Tribulus terrestris (0.500) Capra aegagrus hircus (0.500), Katelysia opima (0.500), Stolephorus spp. (1.000)
Neural ailments Solanum americanum (0.409)
Obesity
Psychological ailments Centella asiatica (0.500)
Urinary ailments Boerhavia diffusa (1.000), Lagenaria siceraria (0.500), Marsilea quadrifolia (0.666), Portulaca quadrifida (0.400), Tribulus terrestris (0.500) Eleutheronema tetradactylum (0.250)
Vadha ailments Citrus limon (0.400), Vigna mungo (0.444) Lates calcarifer (1.000), Upeneus sulphureus (1.0)
Weakness Vigna mungo (0.444), Amaranthus viridis (0.333), Anacardium occidentale (0.500), Arachis hypogaea (0.500), Cicer arietinum (0.333), Echinochloa frumentacea (0.500), Eleusine coracana (0.333), Oryza sativa (0.250), Panicum sumatrense (0.500), Paspalum scrobiculatum (0.500), Pennisetum glaucum (0.333), Prunus dulcis (0.500), Setaria italica (0.500), Sorghum bicolor (0.500), Zea mays (0.500)
  1. The values mentioned within the parentheses indicate the IAR values. Taxa are arranged in descending order of UR