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Table 5 Fodder plants reported in the studied area

From: Traditional knowledge in semi-rural close to industrial areas: ethnobotanical studies in western Gironès (Catalonia, Iberian Peninsula)

Family Taxon (voucher) Catalan vernacular names Preparation Used part Wild (W)/cultivated (C) Use reports
Amaranthaceae Beta vulgaris L. subsp. vulgaris var. crassa (Alef.) Helm (BCN50761) Bleda. Polpa (elaborated product). Remolatxa. Sucre (elaborated product). Sucre candi (elaborated product) Air drieda. Boiled in watera, e. Rawb, e Root. Whole plant C 25
Beta vulgaris L. subsp. vulgaris var. vulgaris (BCN46075) Bleda Boiled in watere Aerial part C 3
Apiaceae Foeniculum vulgare Mill. (BCN26350) Fonoll Rawf Aerial part W 4
Aquifoliaceae Ilex aquifolium L. (BCN29876) Grèvol Rawf Leaf W 1
Araceae Arum italicum Mill. (BCN32358) Xàrria. Xèrria Boiled in watere. Raw Root. Whole plant W 4
Araliaceae Hedera helix L. (BCN29869) Heura. Heura d’alzina Rawa, g Leaf W 3
Asparagaceae Agave americana L. (BCN46860) Figuerassa Boiled in watera, e Leaf W 5
Aphyllanthes monspeliensis L. (BCN29627) Llonsa. Pa de cucut Rawa Aerial part W 3
Asteraceae Centaurea jacea L. (BCN21907) Caps de burro Rawf Aerial part W 1
Chondrilla juncea L. (BCN29852) Màstec Rawf Aerial part W 2
Cichorium endivia L. (BCN46854) Escarola Raw Leaf C 1
Cichorium intybus L. (BCN29660) Cama-roja. Xicoia. Xicoina. Xicòria Rawf Aerial part W 2
Reichardia picroides (L.) Roth (BCN113704) Cosconilla Rawf Leaf W 6
Silybum marianum (L.) Gaertn. (BCN29958) Card Rawb Aerial part W 1
Sonchus oleraceus L. (BCN113723) Lletissó. Llipsó. Llistó Air driedf. Rawf, g Aerial part W 5
Sonchus sp. Llepsó. Lletissó. Llistó Rawa, c, f Aerial part W 5
Sonchus tenerrimus L. (BCN29954) Lletissó. Llitsó Rawf Aerial part W 3
Taraxacum officinale Weber in Wiggers (BCN25948) Dent de lleó. Xicoia Rawf Aerial part W 2
Brassicaceae Brassica napus L. (BCN46856) Nap. Nap de bou. Nap del camp Boiled in watera, e. Rawa, e Aerial part. Root. Whole plant C 46
Brassica oleracea L. subsp. oleracea (BCN32181) Bròquil. Col. Col aloma Boiled in watera, e. Rawc, e, f Leaf C 22
Capsella bursa-pastoris (L.) Medic. (BCN46079) Bossa de pastor. Caps blancs Rawf Aerial part W 1
Raphanus raphanistrum L. subsp. sativus (L.) Domin (BCN49860) Rave Rawa Whole plant C 1
Cannabaceae Celtis australis L. (BCN29845) Lledó (fruit). Lledoner Boiled in watere. Rawa, e Leaf C 10
Caprifoliaceae Scabiosa atropurpurea L. (BCN29947) Escabiosa Rawf Aerial part W 1
Convolvulaceae Convolvulus arvensis L. (BCN29663) Corretjola Rawf Aerial part W 6
Cucurbitaceae Cucumis melo L. (BCN46851) Meló (fruit) Rawe Epicarp. Fruit C 6
Cucurbita maxima Duch. in Lam. (BCN-S-1499) Rabequet (fruit). Carabassa (fruit) Boiled in watere Fruit C 1
Cucurbita pepo L. var. oblonga Link (BCN29859) Carabassó (fruit) Rawe Fruit C 1
Cucurbita pepo L. var. pepo (BCN49858) Carbassa (fruit). Carbassera. Rabequet (fruit) Boiled in watere. Rawe Fruit C 12
Equisetaceae Equisetum arvense L. (BCN24767) Cua de cavall. Sangnua Rawf Aerial part W 1
Equisetum sp. Cua de cavall. Sangnua Rawa, d Aerial part W 3
Ericaceae Calluna vulgaris (L.) Hull (BCN113722) Bronsa. Bronsó Rawa Aerial part W 1
Fabaceae Ceratonia siliqua L. (BCN32177) Garrofa (fruit) Air-drieda, d Fruit C 8
Lupinus albus L. (BCN64375) Llobí Rawa, e Seed C 3
Medicago sativa L. (BCN29891) Userda Air-drieda, b, d, e, f. Boiled in watera. Rawb, f Aerial part C 34
Onobrychis viciifolia Scop. (BCN113732) Esparcet. Trepadella Air-drieda, e, f, g. Rawf. Not reportedf Aerial part C 20
Pisum sativum L. (BCN32140) Pèsol Rawc Fruit C 1
Robinia pseudoacacia L. (BCN31298) Acàcia. Acàcia de jardí Rawb Leaf C 1
Spartium junceum L. (BCN29956) Ginesta Rawb Aerial part W 1
Trifolium incarnatum L. (BCN25026) Fenc Air-drieda, d. Boiled in watera. Rawa Aerial part C 23
Trifolium pratense L. (BCN29811) Trèfola. Trèfoga Air drieda. Rawf Aerial part W 4
Trigonella foenum-graecum L. (BCN32120) Senigrec Raw Aerial part W 1
Vicia faba L. (BCN46826) Fava Air-driedd, e. Rawa Seed C 6
Vicia sativa L. (BCN47746) Veça Rawa, f Aerial part C 3
Fagaceae Castanea sativa Mill. (BCN29844) Castanya (fruit). Castanyer Rawe Fruit C 1
Quercus ilex L. (BCN113730) Aglà (fruit). Alzina. Aulina. Gla (fruit) Air driede. Boiled in watere. Cookede. Rawa, e, f Fruit. Leaf. Young shoot W 37
Quercus pubescens Willd. (BCN30007) Roure Rawa, e Aerial part W 3
Quercus suber L. (BCN46829) Suro. Alzina surera Rawa Leaf W 2
Linaceae Linum usitatissimum L. (BCN47281) Farina de llinet (elaborated product). Llinet Air driede Seed C 1
Malvaceae Malva sylvestris L. (BCN29889) Malva. Malva rosa Rawf Leaf W 1
Moraceae Ficus carica L. (BCN24887) Figa (infructescence). Figa d’Alacant (infructescence). Figa de coll de senyora (infructescence). Figa de coll llarg blanca (infructescence). Figa de coll llarg negra (infructescence). Figa de pota de cavall (infructescence). Figa de Sant Joan (infructescence). Figa negra (infructescence). Figuera. Figuera de coll de senyora Rawe Infructescence C 1
Oleaceae Fraxinus excelsior L. (BCN46844) Freixa Rawb, g Leaf W 2
Passifloraceae Passiflora caerulea L. (BCN29747) Flor de crist Rawg Aerial part C 1
Plantaginaceae Plantago lanceolata L. (BCN32138) Plantatge de fulla estreta. Plantatge estret Rawf Aerial part W 1
Plantago major L. (BCN29910) Plantatge. Plantatge ample. Plantatge de fulla ampla Rawf Aerial part. Leaf. Whole plant W 6
Plantago sp. Plantatge Rawf Leaf W 2
Poaceae Arundo donax L. (BCN29825) Canya. Canya americana. Canyer Rawa, b Leaf W 2
Avena sativa L. (BCN29839) Civada Air drieda, c, f. Rawb Aerial part. Fruit C 26
Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers (BCN29686) Gram Rawa Aerial part W 1
Digitaria sanguinalis (L.) Scop. (BCN113745) Forcadella. Xereix Rawf Aerial part W 2
Hordeum vulgare L. (BCN46843) Ordi Air driedc, g. Boiled in watere Aerial part. Fruit C 10
Lolium perenne L. (BCN58204) Margall. Raigràs Air drieda, g. Rawb, f Aerial part C 10
Panicum miliaceum L. (BCN12911) Mill Air driedc Fruit C 5
Phalaris arundinacea L. (BCN51675) Rawb Aerial part C 1
Secale cereale L. (BCN46828) Sègol. Sègal Air drieda. Boiled in watera. Rawb Aerial part. Fruit C 6
Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench (BCN31310) Melca. Sorgo Air drieda, c, d. Rawa Aerial part C 6
Triticum aestivum L. (BCN29963) Blat. Farina (elaborated product). Pa (elaborated product). Palla (elaborated product). Segó (bran) Air drieda, b, c, d, e. Boiled in waterc, e. Cookedf Aerial part. Bran. Fruit C 28
Zea mays L. (BCN29830) Blat de morassa. Blat de moret. Blat de moro. Farro (elaborated product) Air drieda, c, d, e, f, g. Boiled in waterc, e. Rawa Aerial part. Bract. Fruit C 56
Polygonaceae Fagopyrum esculentum Moench (BCN24886) Fajol Boiled in water Seed C 1
Portulacaceae Portulaca oleracea L. (BCN46835) Verdolaga Rawa, e, f Aerial part W 11
Primulaceae Anagallis arvensis L. (BCN29974) Marruc Rawc Aerial part W 2
Ranunculaceae Anemone hepatica L. (BCN29834) Herba fetgera Rawc Leaf W 2
Clematis flammula L. (BCN29856) Viadella. Virobella Air drieda Leaf W 3
Clematis recta L. (BCN113720) Viadella Air drieda Aerial part W 1
Clematis vitalba L. (BCN29857) Ridorta Air drieda. Rawg Leaf W 2
Rosaceae Rubus ulmifolius Schott (BCN29938) Bardissa. Mora (fruit). Mora negra (fruit). Romeguera Rawb Young shoot W 1
Smilacaceae Sanguisorba minor Scop. (BCN113728) Esparcet bord Rawa Aerial part W 1
Smilax aspera L. (BCN29951) Arítjol Rawf Aerial part W 3
Solanaceae Solanum lycopersicum L. (BCN29952) Tomata (fruit). Tomata de guardar (fruit). Tomata de la meta (fruit). Tomata de penjar (fruit). Tomata dels tres cantos (fruit). Tomata plena (fruit). Tomata poma (fruit) Rawc Fruit C 1
Solanum tuberosum L. (BCN29797) Patata. Patatera. Trumfera Boiled in waterc, e. Raw Tuber C 5
Ulmaceae Ulmus minor Mill. (BCN113729) Om Boiled in watere. Rawa, b, e, f Leaf W 10
  1. Fodder destination: aCows, bGoats, cHens, dHorses and mares, ePigs, fRabbits, gSheep; without superscripted letter: animal destination is not clear