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Table 1 Medicinal plants listed in Krummhübel herbalist recipes (seventeenth to nineteenth centuries) and their occurrences in manuscripts and regional surveys, including Matthioli [11], Schwenckfeld [3], Mattuschka [12], Kneipp [13], Fischer [14] and Madaus [15]

From: Historical ethnopharmacology of the herbalists from Krummhübel in the Sudety Mountains (seventeenth to nineteenth century), Silesia

Krummhübel herbalists, seventeenth to nineteenth centuries Matthioli (1563) [11] Schwenckfeld (1607) [3] Mattuschka (1779) [12]a Kneipp (1892) [13] Fischer (1930's) [14]b Madaus (1938) [15]
Achillea spp. + (as Ptarmica) + (as A. millefolium, A. ptarmica) + + (mainly as A. millefolium L., rare A. ptarmica L.) + (as A. ptarmica, A. millefolium*, A. moschata)
Actaea racemosa L. = Cimicifuga racemosa Nutt. + (as A. spicata L.) +
Aloë spp. + + (as Aloes Balsam) + + (as A. succotrina Lam.) + (many species*)
Anacyclus pyrethrum (L.) Lag. = Anacyclus officinarum Hayne +*
Angelica spp. + (as Angelica maior, A. minor) + (as A. erratica) + (as A. syluestris) + + (as A. archangelica L., A. sylvestris L.) + (many species*)
Artemisia vulgaris L. + (as Artemisia) + + + +*
Bellis perennis L. + (as Bellis minor) + (as B. minima) + + +*
Carlina acaulis L. + (as Chamaeleon albus) 261 + + + + +
Cinnamomum camphora (L.) J.Presl + (as camphora) + +*
Cinnamomum verum J.Presl + + (as C. zeylanicum*)
Citrus × aurantium L. + +*
Citrus limon (L.) Osbeck + + (as C. limonum)
Citrus spp. + (as Citria malus) + (many other species)
Cochlearia officinalis L. + + +*
Commiphora spp. + (as C. abyssinica, C. mukul, C. myrrha)
Copaifera officinalis L.
Coriandrum sativum L. + (as Coriandrum) +
Crocus (probably) sativus L. + (as Crocus florens) +
Curcuma zedoaria (Christm.) Roscoe + +*
Cyanus segetum Hill. = Centaurea cyanus L. + (as Cyanus minor) + +*
Dictamnus albus L. + +
Dorstenia contrajerva L. +
Drimys winteri J.R. Forst. & G. Forst.
Echium vulgare L. + (as Echium)
Elettaria cardamomum (L.) Maton + (as C. minus, C. medium, C. maius) +
Ferula assa-foetida L. + (as Ferula = Nathex) +*
Foeniculum vulgare Mill. + (as Foeniculum) + + +*
Gentiana spp. + (as Gentiana minor = cruciata, Gentiana (probably lutea)) + (as G. major cœruleo flore, G. minor punctato flore) + (as G. lutea, G. centaurium, G. amarella) + + + (many species*)
Glycyrrhiza glabra L. + (as Glycyrrhiza liquiritia) +*
Guaiacum officinale L. + (as Lignum guaiacum) +*
Guaiacum sanctum L. or G. officinale L. + (as Lignum guaiacum)
Hedysarum spp.
Helleborus niger L. + + +*
Indigofera spp. +
Inula helenium L. + (as Elenium) + + +*
Juniperus spp. + (as Juniperus, as Sabina) + + (as I. communis) + + (as J. communis L.) + (many species*)
Laurus nobilis L. + (as Laurus) + (as L. Alexandrina Matthioli) + +*
Lavandula spp. + + +*
Linum usitatissimum L. + (as Linum) + + + +*
Matricaria spp. + (as Camomilla) + (as M. chamomilla, M. parthenium) + + (as M. chamomilla L.) + (as M. chamomilla*, M. discoidea*)
Melissa officinalis L. + (as Melissa) + (as M. calamintha) + + +*
Mentha aquatica L. var. crispa (L.) Benth. + (as Mentha aquatica) + + (as Mentha spp.) +
Myristica fragrans Houtt.
Myroxylon balsamum (L.) Harms +*
Nasturtium officinale R.Br. + (as Nasturcium aquaticum) + + +*
Olea europaea L. + (as Olea domestica) +
Ononis spinosa L. + (as Ononis) + (as O. aruensis) + +*
Origanum majorana L. + (as Maiorana) +*
Persicaria bistorta (L.) Samp. = Polygonum bistorta L. + (as Bistorta) + +
Petasites sp. + (as Petasites falso dieta) + + (as Tussilago petasites) + (many species*)
Petroselinum crispum (Mill.) Fuss. + (as Pertoselinum vulgare) + (as P. sativum*)
Peucedanum ostruthium (L.) W.D.J. Koch = Imperatoria ostruthium L. + +
Pimpinella anisum L. + (as Anisum) + (as P. major L. Huds, P. minorcrispa) + + +*
Piper longum L.
Potentilla erecta (L.) Räusch. + (as Tormentilla) + (as Tormentilla erecta) + (as P. tormentilla*)
Pterocarpus santalinus L. fil. +
Pulicaria vulgaris Gaertn. +
Pyrus sp. + + (as P. communis L.) + (as P. malus*)
Rheum rhabarbarum L. +
Rosa spp. + + (as R. alpina, R. rubra) + (as R. canina, R. alba) + + + (many species*)
Rosmarinus officinalis L. + (as Rosmarinus coronaria) + (as R. sylvaticus) + + +*
Sassafras spp. +*
Scabiosa spp. + (as Scabiosa minor) + (as Scabiosa succisa and S. aruensis) + (as Succisa pratensis Moench = Scabiosa succisa L.) + (different species*)
Senna spp. + (as Sena) +*
Silene baccifera (L.) Roth = Cucubalus baccifer L.
Stachys officinalis (L.) Trevis = Betonica officinalis L. + (as Betonica) + + +
Styrax spp. +
Syzygium aromaticum (L.) Merr. & L.M.Perry
Vaccinium vitis-idaea L. + + + (as V. myrtillus L.) +*
Veronica spp. + (as Veronica mas, V. foemina) + + (as V. officinalis, V. beccabunga) + + + (many species*)
Viola spp. + (as Viola purpurea) + (as V. odorata) + + + (many species*)
Zingiber officinale Roscoe + (as Zinziber) + +*
Σ = 72 Σ = 48 Σ = 11 Σ = 25 Σ = 24 Σ = 33 Σ = 55
  1. *Denotes to Madaus [15], asterisk shows the description of use or recipe; no asterisk—plant was only listed
  2. aThe register of Mattuschka [12] includes only species listed by the author as having medicinal properties
  3. bBased on Kujawska et al. [14]