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Table 4 Inventory of plants traditionally used for koji-making in the study area (species are listed alphabetically)

From: Diversity, knowledge, and valuation of plants used as fermentation starters for traditional glutinous rice wine by Dong communities in Southeast Guizhou, China

Scientific name Voucher number Family name Dong name Chinese name Habit Part used UV
Actinidia eriantha Benth. KJBT0040 Actinidiaceae Sangp buc dongl Mao Hua Mi Hou Tao Shrub Branch 1.51
Adiantum flabellulatum L. KJBT0052 Pteridaceae Kaok naeml Shan Ye Tie Xian Jue Herb Leaf 0.79
Agrimonia pilosa Ledeb KJBT0029 Rosaceae Demh Meix Sais Lu Bian Huang Herb Root 0.47
Akebia quinata (Houtt.) Decne. KJBT0064 Lardizabalaceae Gueel nyanl bads Ba Yue Gua Shrub Fruit 0.67
Arctium lappa L. KJBT0027 Asteraceae Mal kap gueec Niu Bang Herb Aerial part 0.45
Artemisia annua L. KJBT0019 Asteraceae Mal yaems sul He Hao Herb Root 1.19
Asarum forbesii Maxim. KJBT0033 Aristolochiaceae Naos max tic Ma Ti Xiang Herb Leaf 0.77
Asparagus cochinchinensis (Lour.) Merr. KJBT0050 Asparagaceae Sangp begs sangp laox Tian Men Dong Herb Root 0.56
Bauhinia brachycarpa Wall. ex Benth. KJBT0059 Leguminosae Jaol bav Ye Guan Men Shrub Root 0.47
Cayratia trifolia (L.) Domin KJBT0023 Vitaceae Jaol meixguv San Ye Wu Lian Mei Shrub Fruit 1.25
Cirsium japonicum DC. KJBT0044 Asteraceae Mal sax bav laox Da Ji Herb Root 0.31
Clerodendrum cyrtophyllum Turcz. KJBT0009 Lamiaceae Bav sup geel kuenp Da Qing Ye Shrub Aerial part 0.44
Codonopsis pilosula KJBT0011 Campanulaceae Demh Gaams Yous Dang Shen Climber Root 0.40
Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lamb.) Hook. KJBT0047 Taxodiaceae Meix beens Sha Mu Ye Tree Leaf 1.24
Cyclea racemosa Oliv. KJBT0002 Menispermaceae Jaol enl sup dangl Lun Huan Teng Herb Branch 0.79
Diospyros cathayensis Steward KJBT0048 Ebenaceae Meix bav minc Shi Zi Ye Tree Leaf 0.86
Elaeagnus pungens Thunb. KJBT0051 Elaeagnaceae Demh nyox senc Hu Tui Zi Shrub Aerial part 0.78
Fallopia multiflora (Thunb.) Harald. KJBT0018 Polygonaceae Jaol maenc yeex He Shou Wu Climber Root 0.28
Ficus pumila L. KJBT0006 Moraceae Jaol liangc fenx Cheng Tuo Guo Tree Leaf 0.27
Ficus tikoua Bur. KJBT0013 Moraceae Jaol demh xeens Di Gua Teng Climber Whole plant 0.47
Gardenia jasminoides Ellis KJBT0022 Rubiaceae Wap lagx ngoc Huang Zhi Zi Shrub Flower 1.03
Gaultheria leucocarpa Bl. var. crenulata (Kurz) T. Z. Hsu KJBT0053 Ericaceae Melx demh miuus Bai Zhu Shu Herb Leaf 1.25
Gentiana rhodantha Franch. ex Hemsl. KJBT0028 Gentianaceae Nyangt boy liongc Long Dan Cao Herb Whole plant 1.21
Gerbera piloselloides (L.) Cass. KJBT0034 Asteraceae Sangp mal kap gav Mao Da Ding Cao Herb Whole plant 1.00
Geum macrophyllum Willd. KJBT0030 Rosaceae Yangh muic naemx Lu Bian Qing Herb Aerial part 0.92
Glochidion puberum (Linn.) Hutch. KJBT0049 Phyllanthaceae Meix sonp ponc Suan Pan Zi Tree Fruit 1.07
Gonostegia hirta (Bl.) Miq. KJBT0038 Urticaceae Mal kgoux lail Nuo Mi Tuan Herb Whole plant 0.92
Hedera nepalensis var. sinensis (Tobl.) Rehd. KJBT0005 Araliaceae Jaol bav yaop Chang Chun Teng Shrub Aerial part 0.40
Houttuynia cordata Thunb. KJBT0063 Saururaceae Sangp wadc Zhe Er Gen Herb Root 1.46
Imperata cylindrica (L.) Beauv. KJBT0003 Poaceae Sangp nyangt bagx Bai Mao Gen Herb Root 1.12
Kadsura longipedunculata Finet et Gagnep. KJBT0046 Schisandraceae Jaol dangl bogl padt Shan Wu Wei Zi Shrub Bark 1.47
Kalimeris indica (L.) Sch.-Bip. KJBT0032 Asteraceae Mal langx Ni Qiu Chuan Herb Aerial part 0.76
Leonurus japonicus Houtt. KJBT0060 Lamiaceae Mal semp beengc Yi Mu Cao Herb Whole plant 0.96
Ligularia fischeri (Ledeb.) Turcz. KJBT0042 Asteraceae Bav dinl max Ti Ye Tuo Wu Herb Branch 0.46
Melastoma dodecandrum Lour. KJBT0014 Melastomataceae Mal demh xeens Di Shen Shrub Leaf 0.79
Mentha canadensis KJBT0043 Lamiaceae Naos suic yeex Bo He Herb Leaf 1.46
Oryza sativa var. glutinosa Matsum. KJBT0037 Poaceae Oux Nuo He Herb Stem 1.50
Paris polyphylla Smith KJBT0039 Melanthiaceae Wap bar Yeal Qi Ye Yi Zhi Hua Herb Whole plant 0.55
Polygala sibirica L. KJBT0017 Polygalaceae Sangp jeml meec angh Gua Zi Jin Herb Aerial part 0.82
Polygonatum cyrtonema Hua KJBT0021 Asparagaceae Xingp mant jenc Huang Jing Herb Root 1.00
Polygonum hydropiper L. KJBT0026 Polygonaceae Meix bav La Liao Herb Leaf 1.42
Portulaca oleracea L. KJBT0016 Portulacaceae Mal Nguedc Gua Zi Cai Herb Whole plant 1.00
Pteridium aquilinum (L.) Kuhn var. latiusculum (Desv.) Underw. ex Heller KJBT0062 Dennstaedtiaceae Kaok Jue Cai Herb Stem 0.92
Pueraria lobata var. montana (Lour.) van der Maesen KJBT0015 Leguminosae Sangp nieengv Ge Teng Climber Branch 1.74
Frangula crenata (Siebold & Zucc.) Miq. KJBT0024 Rhamnaceae Meix liuucliic Ku Li Ye Shrub Leaf 1.22
Rohdea japonica (Thunb.) Roth KJBT0054 Asparagaceae Mal nyinc sup Wan Nian Qing Herb Root 1.12
Rosa laevigata Michx KJBT0065 Rosaceae Ongv kuaot Jin Ying Zi Shrub Fruit 1.38
Rosa roxburghii Tratt. KJBT0007 Rosaceae Sunl ongv kuaot Ci Li Herb Fruit 1.44
Rubus pluribracteatus L.T.Lu & Boufford. KJBT0008 Rosaceae Demh bav daemh gal Da Hei Mei Climber Fruit 1.42
Sanguisorba officinalis L. KJBT0020 Rosaceae Sangp lagx lugx yak Hong Di Yu Herb Root 0.81
Sargentodoxa cuneata (Oliv.) Rehd. et Wils. KJBT0057 Lardizabalaceae Jaol bogl padt yak mags Xue Teng Herb Branch 1.20
Solanum americanum Mill. KJBT0025 Solanaceae Lianh yeex Ye Hai Jiao Herb Fruit 1.29
Stephania cepharantha Hay. KJBT0045 Menispermaceae Sunl maenc jinc Jin Xian Diao Wu Gui Herb Root 0.88
Teucrium quadrifarium Buch.-Ham. ex D. Don KJBT0036 Lamiaceae Nyangt ous Niu Wei Cao Herb Whole plant 0.46
Thalictrum microgynum Lecoy. ex Oliv. KJBT0056 Ranunculaceae Wangc lieenc naemx Xiao Guo Tang Song Cao Herb Whole plant 0.45
Tinospora sagittata Gagnep. KJBT0004 Menispermaceae Sangp juc saengc Qing Niu Dan Shrub Leaf 0.47
Uncaria rhynchophylla (Miq.) Miq. ex Havil. KJBT0010 Rubiaceae Sangp jaol kgoul daov Da Ye Gou Teng Ye Climber Branch 1.32
Verbena officinalis L. KJBT0031 Verbenaceae Nyangt piudt max bieenh Ma Bian Cao Herb Leaf 0.79
Viola philippica Cav. KJBT0012 Violaceae Mal mac keip Di Cao Guo Herb Whole plant 0.47
Zanthoxylum bungeanum Maxim. KJBT0066 Rutaceae Sangp siul yanl Hua Jiao Shrub Fruit 0.92