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Table 1 Medicinal plant species documented at VOP

From: What’s in a name? Revisiting medicinal and religious plants at an Amazonian market

Family, scientific name/voucher number Vernacular name/language Part sold
Acanthaceae
 cf. Blechum sp./IPG20 Amansa/P Fresh aerial parts
Justicia pectoralis Jacq./IPG17, IPG44 Abre caminho/P Fresh aerial parts
Adoxaceae
Sambucus canadensis L./IPG24, IPG57 Sabugueiro/P Branches, fresh leaves, flowers
Amaranthaceae
Alternanthera brasiliana (L.) Kuntze/IPG6, IPG78 Chega até a mim/P, Meracilina/? Fresh aerial parts
Pfaffia glomerata (Spreng.) Pedersen/IPG33 Corrente/P Fresh aerial parts
Amaryllidaceae
Allium cepa L./not collected Cebola/P Bulb’s skin
Anacardiaceae
Anacardium cf. giganteum Hancock ex Engl./IPG100 Caju-í do mato/T + P Bark
Anacardium occidentale L./IPG99 Cajú/T Bark
Antrocaryon amazonicum (Ducke) B.L. Burtt & A.W. Hill/IPG103 Cedro/P Bark
Schinus terebinthifolia Raddi/IPG14 Aroeira/P Branches, fresh leaves, flowers
Spondias sp./IPG130 Taperebá/T, Cajá/T Bark
 Anacardiaceae sp. IPG94 Anoera/T? Bark
 Anacardiaceae sp. IPG95 Aroeira/P Bark
Annonaceae
Annona montana Macfad./IPG81 Graviola/P Branches, fresh leaves
Xylopia frutescens Aubl./IPG155 Ibiriba/T Dry fruit and seed
 Annonaceae sp./IPG107 Cipó urira/T Woody stem with
Apocynaceae
Aspidosperma nitidum Benth. ex Müll.Arg./IPG101 Carapanauba/T Bark
Cascabela cf. thevetia (L.) Lippold/IPG148 Castanha da India/P, Munduruku/T, Chapeu de mato leão/P Dry fruit and seed
Himatanthus articulatus (Vahl) Woodson/IPG129 Sucuúba/T Bark
Araceae
Dieffenbachia seguine (Jacq.) Schott/IPG79 Comigo-ninguém-pode/P Fresh aerial parts
Araliaceae
Polyscias scutellaria (Burm.f.) Fosberg/IPG73 Cuia mansa/T + P Fresh aerial parts
Arecaceae
Manicaria saccifera Gaertn./IPG144 Buçu/T Fruit and seeds
Socratea exorrhiza (Mart.) H.Wendl./IPG124 Paxiúba/T Root
Asparagaceae
Sansevieria cylindrica Bojer ex Hook./not collected Lança-de-São Jorge/P Whole plant
Sansevieria hyacinthoides (L.) Druce/not collected Espada-de-são Jorge/P Whole plant
Sansevieria trifasciata Prain/not collected Espada-de-Joana d’Arc/P Whole plant
Bignoniaceae
Bignonia cf. nocturna (Barb.Rodr.) L.G.Lohmann/IPG104 Cipó curimbó/T Woody stem with bark
Fridericia cf. chica (Bonpl.) L.G.Lohmann/IPG77 Pariri/T Fresh aerial parts
Mansoa alliacea (Lam.) A.H.Gentry/IPG60 Cipó de Alho/T + P Fresh aerial parts
Newbouldia laevis (P.Beauv.) Seem./IPG82 Espinheira santa/P Dry leaves
Bixaceae
Bixa orellana L./IPG174 Urucú/T Fruit and seeds
Boraginaceae
Cordia sp./IPG115 Louro rosa/P Wood with bark
Burseraceae
Protium sp./IPG97 Breu/P Bark
Clusiaceae
Calophyllum brasiliense Cambess./IPG111 Jacareuba/T Bark
Symphonia globulifera L.f./IPG92 Anani/T Bark
Commelinaceae
Commelina erecta L./IPG31 Vence-demanda/P Fresh aerial parts
Tradescantia zebrina Bosse/IPG85 Quebra-chibança/P, Trapoeraba/T Fresh aerial parts
Compositae
Acmella oleracea (L.) R.K.Jansen/IPG1 Jambu/T Fresh whole plant
Ayapana triplinervis (Vahl) R.M.King & H.Rob/IPG55 Japana branca/T + P Fresh aerial parts
Bidens sp./IPG18 Picão/P Fresh whole plant
Mikania glomerata Spreng./IPG54, IPG75 Sicuriju/T Fresh aerial parts
Pectis elongata Kunth/IPG9 Cominho/P Fresh aerial parts
Sphagneticola trilobata (L.) Pruski/IPG16 Desempata/P Fresh whole plant
Tagetes erecta L./IPG12 Cravo/P Fresh aerial parts
Unxia camphorata L.f./IPG51 Trevo são João/P Fresh whole plant
Convolvulaceae
Cuscuta sp./IPG65 Desatrapalha/P Fresh whole plant
Costaceae
Costus spicatus (Jacq.) Sw./IPG59 Canarana/P + T Fresh aerial parts
Crassulaceae
Bryophyllum pinnatum (Lam.) Oken/IPG56 Pirarucu/T Fresh aerial parts
Cucurbitaceae
Cayaponia cf. rigida (Cogn.) Cogn./IPG63 Quebra feitiço/P Fresh aerial parts
Luffa operculata (L.) Cogn./IPG149 Cabacinha/P Dry fruit
Momordica charantia L./IPG15 Melão-de-São Caetano/P Fresh aerial parts
Dilleniaceae
Doliocarpus dentatus (Aubl.) Standl./IPG105 Cipó-de-fogo/P Woody stem with bark
Dioscoreaceae
Dioscorea sp./IPG176 Batata-de-colar-osso/P Rhizome
Euphorbiaceae
Croton cajucara Benth./IPG128 Sacacá/T Bark
Croton sacaquinha Croizat/IPG5 Angel-de-guarda/P, Corre atraz/P, Busca longe/P Fresh aerial parts
Euphorbia tithymaloides L./IPG76 Coramina/P Fresh aerial parts
Jatropha curcas L./IPG47 Pião branco/P Fresh aerial parts
Jatropha gossypiifolia L./IPG19 Pião roxo/P Fresh aerial parts
Jatropha podagrica Hook./IPG38 Pião-paje/P + T Fresh aerial parts
Geraniaceae
Pelargonium cf. graveolens L’Hér/not collected Malva rosa/P Living plant
Gesneriaceae
Episcia cupreata (Hook.) Hanst./IPG40 Tapete de Oxalá/P + A (Oxalá), Laço de amor/P Fresh whole plant
Humiriaceae
Endopleura uchi (Huber) Cuatrec./IPG134 Uxi-amarelo/T + P Bark
Humiria balsamifera Aubl./IPG117, IPG132 Miri/T; Umiri/T Bark
Lamiaceae
Aeollanthus suaveolens Mart. ex Spreng./IPG11 Catinga-de-mulata/T + P Fresh whole plant
Ocimum americanum L./IPG7, IPG8 Estorakue/P, Manjericão/P Fresh aerial parts
Ocimum basilicum L./IPG62 Manjericão roxo/P Fresh whole plant
Ocimum gratissimum L./IPG52 Alfavaca/P Fresh aerial parts
Plectranthus amboinicus (Lour.) Spreng./IPG68 Hortelã-de-Maranjão/P + T, Hortelã-de-folha-grande/P Branch with fresh leaves
Pogostemon cablin (Blanco) Benth./IPG86 Anica/P Fresh aerial parts
Pogostemon heyneanus Bent./IPG58 Oriza/P Fresh aerial parts
Vitex agnus-castus L./IPG4 Alecrim-de-Angola/P (alecrim) + A (Angola) Fresh aerial parts
 Lamiaceae sp. IPG61 Chama/P Fresh aerial parts
Lauraceae
Cinnamomum verum J.Presl/IPG120 Canela/P Woody stem with bark
Cinnamomum sp./IPG46 Canela/P Fresh aerial parts
Lecythidaceae
Couratari guianensis Aubl./IPG131 Tauari/T Bark, fruits
Leguminosae
Anadenanthera cf. peregrina (L.) Speg./IPG121 Paricá/T Bark
Bauhinia cf. guianensis Aubl./IPG110 Escada-de-Jabotí/P + T Woody stem with bark
Bauhinia monandra Kurz/IPG72 Pata-de-vaca/P Fresh aerial parts
Bowdichia virgilioides Kunth/IPG172 Sucupira/T Seeds
Caesalpinia ferrea C.Mart./IPG158 Jucá/T Fruit
Copaifera sp./IPG108 Copaíba/T Bark
Dalbergia monetaria L.f./IPG135 Verônica/P Woody stem with bark
Dipteryx odorata (Aubl.) Willd./IPG152 Cumaru/T Seeds
Hymenaea courbaril L./IPG112 Jatobá/T Bark
Mimosa tenuiflora (Willd.) Poir./IPG114 Jurema preta/T + P Bark
Mimosa verrucosa Benth./IPG113 Jurema branca/T + P Bark
 cf. Ormosia sp./IPG98 Buiuçú/T Bark
Pentaclethra sp./IPG125 Pracaxí/T Bark
Senna hirsuta (L.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby/IPG50 Sombra-do-mundo/P, Afasta espirito/P Fresh aerial parts
Vouacapoua americana Aubl./IPG89 Acapú/T Wood
 Leguminosae sp./IPG96 Barbatimão/T Bark
Lythraceae
Punica granatum L./IPG169 Romã/P Dry exocarp
Malvaceae
Gossypium barbadense L./IPG42 Algodão/P Fresh aerial parts
Luehea sp./IPG90 Açoita-cavalo/P Bark
Melastomataceae
Miconia ciliata (Rich.) DC./IPG26 Canela-de-velho/P Fresh aerial parts
Meliaceae
Carapa guianensis Aubl./IPG93 Andiroba/T Bark
Moraceae
Brosimum acutifolium Huber/IPG118 Mururé/T Bark
Dorstenia cayapia subsp. asaroides (Hook.) C.C. Berg/IPG48 Apií/T Fresh whole plant
Morus nigra L./IPG28 Amora/P Branch with fresh leaves and fruits
Olacaceae
Ptychopetalum olacoides Benth./IPG116 Marapuama/T Wood with bark
Phyllanthaceae
Phyllanthus amarus Schumach. & Thonn./IPG22 Quebra-pedra/P Fresh whole plant
Phyllanthus urinaria L./IPG21 Dinheiro-em-penca/P Fresh aerial parts
Phytolaccaceae
Petiveria alliacea L./IPG25, IPG179 Mucuraca-á/T, Rinchão/P Fresh aerial parts; Dry whole plant
Piperaceae
Peperomia circinnata Link/IPG64 Carrapatinha/P Fresh aerial parts
Piper callosum Ruiz & Pav./IPG27 Elixir-paregórico/P Fresh aerial parts
Piper peltatum L./IPG70 Malvarisco-de-folha-grande/P, Capeba/T Fresh leaves
Plantaginaceae
Bacopa monnierioides (Cham.) B.L.Rob./IPG84 Trevo do mar/P Fresh aerial parts
Conobea scoparioides (Cham. & Schltdl.) Benth./IPG32 Pataqueira/P Fresh aerial parts
Scoparia dulcis L./IPG13 Vassourinha-de-igreja/P Fresh whole plant
Poaceae
Chrysopogon zizanioides (L.) Roberty/IPG178 Patichuli/P Dry roots
Cymbopogon citratus (DC.) Stapf/not collected Capim-marinho/T + P -
Zea mays L./IPG164 Milho/P Stalk
Polygonaceae
Antigonon leptopus Hook. & Arn./IPG69 Agarradinho/P Whole plant with tubers
Polygala spectabilis DC./IPG36 Camembeca/T Fresh whole plant
Portulacaceae
Portulaca pilosa L./IPG23 Amor crescido/P Fresh whole plant
Rhizophoraceae
Rhizophora mangle L./IPG126 Raíz-de-mangue/P Root
Rosaceae
 cf. Prunus sp./IPG91 Ameixa/P Bark
Rubiaceae
Uncaria sp./IPG133 Unha-de-gato/P Woody stem with bark
Rutaceae
Citrus x aurantium L./IPG67 Laranja-da-terra/P Branch with fresh leaves
Ruta graveolens L./not collected Arruda/P Leaves in small plastic bags; Whole plant
Sapindaceae
Paullinia cupana Kunth/IPG154 Guaraná/T Seeds
Sapotaceae
Pradosia lactescens (Vell.) Radlk./IPG102 Casca doce/P Bark
Selaginellaceae
Selaginella parkeri (Hook. & Grev.) Spring/IPG49 Samambaia/T Fresh whole plant
Simaroubaceae
Quassia amara L./IPG41, IPG123 Folha-da-quina/P; Pau-tenente/P Fresh aerial parts; Wood with bark
Siparunaceae
Siparuna guianensis Aubl./IPG88 Capitiú/T, Negra-mina/P Fresh aerial parts
Solanaceae
Capsicum annuum L./IPG29 Pimenta malagueta/P Fresh aerial parts
Physalis angulata L./IPG37 Camapú/T Fresh whole plant
Urticaceae
Cecropia obtusa Trécul/IPG87 Imbaúba branca/T + P Dry leaves
Pellionia repens (Lour.) Merr./IPG71 Hei-de-vencer/P, Vence-batalha/P, Maria-fumaça/P Fresh whole plant
Verbenaceae
Aloysia gratissima (Gillies & Hook.) Tronc./IPG39 Folha-de-alfazema/P Fresh aerial parts
Lippia alba (Mill.) N.E.Br. ex Britton & P.Wilson/IPG43, IPG66 (Erva) cidreira/P Fresh aerial parts
Lippia thymoides Mart. & Schauer/IPG30 Manjerona-de-Angola/P + A Fresh aerial parts
Vitaceae
Cissus verticillata (L.) Nicolson & C.E.Jarvis/IPG10, IPG34, IPG80 Insulina/P, Cipó-de-puca/T, Quebra-barreira/P Fresh aerial parts
Xanthorrhoeaceae
Aloe vera (L.) Burm.f./not collected Babosa/P Whole plant
Zingiberaceae
Alpinia zerumbet (Pers.) B.L.Burtt & R.M.Sm./IPG45 Vindicá/P Fresh aerial parts
Curcuma longa L./not collected Mangarataia/T, Safrão/P, Açafria/P, Gengibre amarela/P Rhizome
Unidentified
 Indet/IPG74 Chora-nos-meus-pés/P Fresh aerial parts
 Indet/IPG83 Cabi/uncertain Fresh aerial parts
 Indet/IPG106 Cipó-ferro/T + P Bark
 Indet/IPG109 Core/P Bark
 Indet/IPG122 Pau-de-bota/P Woody stem with bark
 Indet/IPG127 Raiz-do-sol/P Root
 Indet/IPG177 Cauan/T Fresh tuber
  1. Fresh aerial parts include stem, leaves, flowers, and/or fruit
  2. Indet species indetermined; languages: P Portuguese, T Tupi, A African